In the present study field samples of fuel ethanol ("E85
") and gasoline ("E10") were tested for vapour pressure, ethanol content, and hydrocarbon composition.
The results of the engine test showed that E85
can be used in heavy duty spark ignited engines.
Depending upon the likelihood of various scenarios, E85
sales will, at a minimum, double by 2023--but could experience a 20-fold increase in sales over the same time period, according to the 40-page report, "E85
: A Market Performance Analysis and Forecast" (link).
The project has significantly increased the availability of the biofuels E85
and B20 along the entire length of Interstate 75, which runs from Sault Ste.
is a fuel that turns the old-fashioned gasoline mixture upside down.
The alternative fueling station, located at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam (JBPHH), officially opened March 22, 2012, enabling government gas cardholders and their government-owned flex-fuel vehicles to fill up with E85
. Flex-fuel vehicles are alternative fuel vehicles designed to run on more than one type of fuel, commonly E85
, an alternative fuel consisting of 85 percent plant-based ethanol blended with 15 percent gasoline.
reductant also offers several advantages over the more commonly used urea.
Department of Energy website has a map-based listing of E85
refueling stations across the country--most are in the Midwest's "corn belt.") So while the capacity and perhaps demand for a cleaner burning fuel is there, supplies have not kept pace--some say because the federal government has subsidized ethanol producers only and not the distributors and retailers who get the product to customers.
In California, Mike Lewis, general manager of Pearson Fuels, has built a strong E85
business since opening the state's first E85
stations and the country's first dual-pressure Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) station six years ago.
produces different byproducts of combustion than gasoline and generates substantially more aldehydes, which are precursors to ozone.
"The blue highway signs do a great job of alerting those passing through the area that E85
is available," explains Jackie Blackburn, clean fuels coordinator for the American Lung Association in Wisconsin.
Naval Air Station Oceana, Va., Navy Exchange held a ribbon cutting ceremony for its E85
flex-fuel gas pump on March 13.