Escherichia coli

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Esch•e•rich•i•a co•li

(ˌɛʃ əˈrɪk i ə ˈkoʊ laɪ)

a species of rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria in the large intestine of humans and other animals, sometimes pathogenic.
[< New Latin, after T. Escherich (1857–1911), German physician; see -ia, coliform]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Escherichia coli - a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety
escherichia - a genus of enteric bacteria
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References in periodicals archive ?
One hospital used a commercial multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) gastrointestinal panel to test stool specimens from 25 patients; all tested positive for Shigella/EIEC (Shigella and EIEC are difficult to differentiate in clinical specimens, and the commercial panel does not distinguish between the two).
Negative eae and stx1/stx2 extracts were examined with pCVD432 primers for plasmidic EAEC sequences, ipaH primers for detecting genes coding the invasion plasmid antigen of EIEC (and Shigella), and with PCR tests for eltA and estA genes of ETEC labile and stable enterotoxins.
The following pathotypes can be distinguished considering induced infections: EPEC, ETEC, EIEC, EHEC, EAEC, UPEC, AIEC, STEC, NMEC [7,8-10].
coli (EIEC) infection with systemic symptoms can be treated with antibiotics but, as mentioned earlier, treatment of EHEC (especially serotype O157) infection with antibiotics is controversial.
coli identified included EPEC, DAEC, ETEC, and EIEC. All EPEC isolates identified were atypical EPEC.
Anand Joshi for supporting the innovation and robust design culture in the EIEC team.
(2) The shigellosis or bacillary dysentery form of diarrheal disease is caused by various chromosomal and plasmid produced virulence factors including invasion plasmid antigen H (Shig-ipaH) encoded by a gene conserved across Shigella and enteroinvasive E coli (EIEC) species.
Out of these, 29.4% were EPEC, 27.4% were EAEC, 21.5% were ETEC and 14.7% were EIEC. Maiya PP et al (14) found EPEC, Salmonella and Shigella as the commonest bacterial isolate in infants and children with acute gastroenteritis.
DAEC was the most frequent type identified (9/108), followed by ETEC (8/108), EIEC (4/108), STEC (3/108), and EAEC (1/108).
Reubsaet, "Differentiation between Shigella, enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) and noninvasive Escherichia coli" European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, vol.