EOKA


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EOKA

An anti-British Greek Cypriot terrorist group led by Colonel Grivas and designed to obtain independence for Cyprus from direct British rule 1955–59. It staged a coup in 1974 which led to Turkish invasion and forced partition.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
References in periodicals archive ?
Most high-ranking Eoka fighters -- he was deeply involved in 'the Struggle', and has written four books about his experiences -- cashed in their cachet after 1960, going for government positions; Renos, who was on Eoka's political committee (known as Peka), could plausibly have become Minister of Education, or at least an MP -- but "my God, never!" he replies, horrified, when I put it to him.
The group of elderly Cypriot EOKA veterans had alleged they were abused and tortured by British soldiers and security services whilst held in custody when they were teenagers in Cyprus.
The clock weight |from Ieper and (above) Eoka hand grenades and side drum
In 1963, former EOKA leader Nicos Sampson incited and led attacks on the Turkish minority, so a UN peacekeeping force was sent to Cyprus.
They were posted to RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus with the 37 (Light Anti-Aircraft) Squadron where they survived bomb blasts and gun attacks during one of the most ferocious anti-British terrorist insurgencies mounted by the guerrilla group EOKA.
But their postings coincided with one of the most ferocious anti-British terrorist insurgencies mounted by the guerrilla group EOKA in Cyprus, now a popular holiday destination with British families.
The Turkish invasion of 1974, albeit illegal and deplorable, came solely in response to the coup in Cyprus by Nico Sampson (ex EOKA, the Greek Cypriot terrorist group) and backed by the military regime in Greece; this overturned the legitimate government of Cyprus led by Archbishop Makarios.
Terrorism in Cyprus is a compilation of documents that includes extracts from Grivas' Diary, the correspondence between Grivas and the EOKA organization, and the explanatory notes of the Colonial Office on these exposed documents.
Furthermore, the article states that Colonel Grivas 'started a terrorist organization EOKA'.
He was wounded while serving with the Parachute Regiment in Cyprus during the EOKA terrorist troubles and walks with the aid of a stick.
As you will know, it was the disastrous attempt by this government to murder the Cypriot leader Archbishop Makarios and install a known Eoka terrorist, Nikos Samson, in his place to unite Cyprus with Greece that led to the Turkish invasion.
That has focused attention on former Eoka guerrillas.