(4) A contemporary handwritten copy of Schweckfeld's evaluation of January 1, 1532, partially from Schenckfeld's own hand, has also been preserved.(5) In 1532 Schwenckfeld published an excerpt from this appraisal as a fundamental treatise on the relation of the Old and New Testaments; but he omitted all concrete references to the circumstances behind his larger appraisal, which was the source of the printed excerpt(6) This short published text, in which Schwenckfeld connects his argument against Saturday Sabbath observance with a polemical rebuke of "Ebionism
,"(7) was probably the chief source of the statements about the Sabbatarians by Luther and Erasmus.
Brown does not reduce Islam to Ebionism
but insists, "legitimacy is not determined by triumph.
And while Herman stresses the existence of contemporary varieties of Christianity in the West (for example, 135), one could also comment that strands of thought similar to Ebionism
, Gnosticism, and Marcionism still persist today both within and without the fold of "orthodox" Christianity, and thus such varieties of Christianity are not wholly "lost." Rather, they could be seen as intrinsic to Christianity, given its Jewish origins and pagan surroundings, and one could argue that mainstream churches maintain orthodoxy by keeping a balance between these extreme positions.