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a.1.(Bot. & Zool.) Set with small spines or prickles.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
The wall of macroconidia is thick and echinulate with upto 15 septa.
Numerous thin-walled, echinulate cells (echinocysts) up to 7.4 [micro]m wide present in the subhymenium.
Microscopic observation after staining with Lacto-phenol cotton blue it was found that conidial head was erect, compact and columnar, vesicle flask shaped, uniseriate, conidia were globose, echinulate and sclerotia or clestothecia were absent.
El-Morsy (2004) also studied 32 fungal species which were isolated from polluted water in Egypt for their resistance to metals and found that Cunninghamela echinulate biomass could be applied as a biosorbent of metal ions in waste water.
UREDINIOSPORES globose to ellipsoid, light brown, wall chestnut brown, 20-32.5 x 22.5-32.5 um, wall 1.5-2.5 um thick, echinulate, germ pores-3.
The spore dimensions of the recent collection from Victoria match those of Australian material provided by Young (2014): spores 5.8-7.9 (-8.6) x (2.5-)3.0-4.3(- 4.7) pm, mean Q 1.95, narrowly ellipsoid to lacrymiform, golden-yellow in mass under the microscope, hilar appendix prominent and curved, profile echinulate, ornamented with randomly scattered, acutely tipped spines 0.3-0.8(1.0) pm.
Urediniospores were globose, echinulate, 24.9 [+ or -] 2.7 [micro]m in diameter, with 3 equatorial pores and 1.5 to 2.0 [micro]m thick cinnamon walls.