These four estates include the 16-ha Greenhills Center, where a P60-billion redevelopment plan is underway; the 10-ha Capitol Commons, a new destination for luxury living; the 10-ha Circulo Verde, a suburban sanctuary in the city; and the 16-ha Ortigas East, an ecostate
along the bustling C5 corridor.
A In suspension B Ribless C Scottish dance who am I?
k = 1, 2, ..., n, [R.sup.i] represents i fuzzy rule, and [A.sup.i.sub.k] and [B.sup.i.sub.k] are the fuzzy sets of state vector [x.sub.k], determined by the Ecostate
[s.sup.i.sub.k] and the Ecorole [p.sup.i.sub.k] of the k biological unit.
Meadowcroft, James (2005) 'From Welfare State to Ecostate
?', in John Barry and Robyn Eckersley (eds.), The State and the Global Ecological Crisis, MIT Press, 3-23.
Drawing on Eckersley's work, I seek to question the very notion of the ecostate
and its role in the promotion of ecological citizenship.
Correspondingly, this paper reviews the potential role ofboth approaches to the evolution of sustainable landscape and contextualises the promotion of the 'ecostate
' as a tourist destination.
The Yasuni case study is further used for an exploration of the concept of the global ecostate
as a globalized extension of Duit's (2008) "ecological state." While the ecological state is based on the national internalization of environmental costs, the global eco-state represents a globally connected form of the ecological state in which international support networks are crucial for the internalization of environmental costs on a trans-national scale.
It is, however, not really a manifesto for eco-socialism; it is rather a plea for ecostate
socialism, and state socialism, like anarcho-capitalism, is essentially a contradiction in terms.