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An ancient city of Mesopotamia on the site of present-day Urfa in southeast Turkey. A major Christian center after the third century ad, it was ruled at various times by the Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and Crusaders before falling to the Seljuk Turks in the 12th century.


1. (Placename) an ancient city on the N edge of the Syrian plateau, founded as a Macedonian colony by Seleucus I: a centre of early Christianity. Modern name: Urfa
2. (Placename) a market town in Greece: ancient capital of Macedonia. Pop (municipality): 25 729 (2001). Ancient name: Aegae Modern Greek name: Édhessa


(ɪˈdɛs ə)

an ancient city in NW Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Urfa, in Turkey: an early center of Christianity.
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Contract notice: ~study road egnatia - veria - naoussa - skydra - nr thessaloniki - edessa, department of egnatia odos - fatherland.
Jesus, King of Edessa The history of Jesus of Gamala is further refined, and he has now been identified as King Izas-Jesus of Edessa.
It was looted in the 1990s from near Edessa, and bought by the DMA at Christie's New York in 1999.
It is also the ancient Edessa, a site conquerors from Alexander the Great onwards have fought over to win.
This cross-fertilization of influences from Greek, Semitic, Persian, and Indian sources were all present in the sixth-century school of Nisibis, and to some degree earlier in Edessa.
Among the topics are varieties of religious communication in the rhetoric of Loukianos of Samosata, the pseudo-Clementine Recognitions and religious life in fourth-century Syria, whether Edessa or Adiabene was the gateway for the Christianization of Mesopotamia, reflections on images of animals from south Syria in the Roman imperial period, and thoughts on the meaning of a "decorative" early Christian mosaic.
Egg mass of Edessa meditabunda showing the nymphs inside the chorions (a); nymph emerging from the corion [circled in red (b)]; nymph on the top of the corion after complete emergence [circled in red(c)]; and nymphs positioned around the chorions and facing them (d).
If that were the case, then the Kingdom of Edessa would be the first Christian city-state (in modern terms) in c.
If we substitute for these Classical legends the Christian topoi of the Mandylion of Edessa, the Veil of Veronica, and Saint Luke painting the Theotokos, we find scriptural and theological grounds for the significance of the human body and its symbolic possibilities.
First, although some have argued that Ephrem's letter is authentic, (33) a more likely (and, in scholarly circles, common) attribution is to Jacob of Edessa (640-708), who--though himself a seventh-century writer--is post-Qur'anic.
For the most part, the history of Outremer subsequent to 1099 was a story of gradual attrition, as the powerful Islamic states that surrounded Jerusalem, Tripoli, Antioch, and Edessa worked to reconquer them.
BEDDING: Truffle satin and jet black flock combine in Edessa design bed linen from the Kylie Minogue At Home collection, from PS75 for a double duvet cover, from Ashley Wilde (available from various stockists nationwide).