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An ancient city of Mesopotamia on the site of present-day Urfa in southeast Turkey. A major Christian center after the third century ad, it was ruled at various times by the Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and Crusaders before falling to the Seljuk Turks in the 12th century.


1. (Placename) an ancient city on the N edge of the Syrian plateau, founded as a Macedonian colony by Seleucus I: a centre of early Christianity. Modern name: Urfa
2. (Placename) a market town in Greece: ancient capital of Macedonia. Pop (municipality): 25 729 (2001). Ancient name: Aegae Modern Greek name: Édhessa


(ɪˈdɛs ə)

an ancient city in NW Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Urfa, in Turkey: an early center of Christianity.