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1. A member of a Semitic people inhabiting ancient Edom.
2. The Semitic language of the Edomites.

E′dom·it′ish adj.


1. (Bible) an inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Edom, whose people were hostile to the Israelites in Old Testament times
2. (Bible) the ancient Semitic language of this people, closely related to Hebrew
3. (Languages) the ancient Semitic language of this people, closely related to Hebrew
ˈEdomˌitish, Edomitic adj


(ˈi dəˌmaɪt)

a native or inhabitant of Edom, taken to be a descendant of Esau, or Edom, in the Bible. Gen. 36:9.
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References in classic literature ?
What raised Antipater the Edomite, And his son Herod placed on Juda's throne, Thy throne, but gold, that got him puissant friends?
Through the strange women clustering at the corners I took my way,--women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites,--and I thought, as I looked into their poor painted faces,--faces but half human, vampirish faces, faces already waxen with the look of the grave,--I thought, as I often did, of the poor little girl whom De Quincey loved, the good-hearted little `peripatetic' as he called her, who had succoured him during those nights, when, as a young man, he wandered homeless about these very streets,--that good, kind little Ann whom De Quincey had loved, then so strangely lost, and for whose face he looked into women's faces as long as he lived.
By calling him an Edomite ("Jdumeer"), Birken identifies Herod as a descendant of a foreign and hostile people with no legitimate right to Israel's throne, whereas Christ is announced by the magi as the new "King of the Jews" (Matthew 2:4).
The Egyptian Pharaoh Shishak had ample geopolitical reasons to give Jeroboam asylum and to treat him kindly as he had treated David's enemy, the Edomite prince Hadad (11:26-28).
The same holds for Edom, where the surge in settlement in the late Iron Age and even the formation of the Edomite state in the highlands have been attributed to Assyrian activities and interest.
The ancient archaeological city known for its rock-cut architecture is opened at night on specific days and is lit with candles all the way to Al Khazneh, the treasury, which is one of the most elaborate temples in the ancient Edomite city of Petra.
the promise to possess the land includes the offspring of Isaac, and the offspring of Isaac includes Esau, with his five Edomite sons and their offspring.
It was only under protection of that same Roman power that Edomite and Arabic clans around the neighborhood began to emerge little by little from the condition of continual wars and crude barbarism.
The site, its study, the use of space in the site and its buildings, the pottery, seal material, a 7th-century BC Edomite ostracon, the small finds, Iron Age landscape, and later Nabataean structures are among the topics.
Umm Al Biyara, the highest mountain in Petra, southern Jordan, was the first Iron Age Edomite site to be extensively excavated.
BEIT-ARIEH, Itzhaq, Horvat Qitmit: An Edomite Shrine in the Biblical Negev, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 11, Tel Aviv, Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, 1995.
The presence of an Edomite king in II Kings 3 shows the chapter (see above) to be basically unhistorical, although some individual verses are doubtlessly correct.