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1. A member of a Semitic people inhabiting ancient Edom.
2. The Semitic language of the Edomites.

E′dom·it′ish adj.


1. (Bible) an inhabitant of the ancient kingdom of Edom, whose people were hostile to the Israelites in Old Testament times
2. (Bible) the ancient Semitic language of this people, closely related to Hebrew
3. (Languages) the ancient Semitic language of this people, closely related to Hebrew
ˈEdomˌitish, Edomitic adj


(ˈi dəˌmaɪt)

a native or inhabitant of Edom, taken to be a descendant of Esau, or Edom, in the Bible. Gen. 36:9.
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References in classic literature ?
What raised Antipater the Edomite, And his son Herod placed on Juda's throne, Thy throne, but gold, that got him puissant friends?
Through the strange women clustering at the corners I took my way,--women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites,--and I thought, as I looked into their poor painted faces,--faces but half human, vampirish faces, faces already waxen with the look of the grave,--I thought, as I often did, of the poor little girl whom De Quincey loved, the good-hearted little `peripatetic' as he called her, who had succoured him during those nights, when, as a young man, he wandered homeless about these very streets,--that good, kind little Ann whom De Quincey had loved, then so strangely lost, and for whose face he looked into women's faces as long as he lived.
Moreover, Shmuel Ahituv's (modern Hebrew) Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Inscriptions (Jerusalem, 1992) is useful not only for First and Second Temple Hebrew, but also (to some extent) for Ammonite, Moabite, Philistine, and Edomite. And naturally, Johannes Renz and Wolfgang Rollig's multivolume Die althebraischen Inschriften (Darmstadt, 1995-2003) is a sine qua non for Old Hebrew.
57-75) is a comprehensive survey of epigraphic Northwest Semitic languages, including Phoenician, Punic, Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite, Aramaic, and Ugaritic.
Similarly, though some scholars have pointed to highland terrace farming as evidence for an urban ancestry, Homan argues that farming and pastoralism are not mutually exclusive activities in a pastoral economy (he notes, e.g., the Nabateans and their Edomite ancestors).
The relatively neutral attestation of Edomite historical material in Genesis 36 may be viewed as a striking vestige of a moment in Israel's history when there was more to the relationship than enmity.
Quite a few cities in the southern Negev were founded in the seventh century, but these were Edomite. This southern border will be discussed more fully below.
Rolling commence a survey of the Phoenician language by placing it in the Canaanite group of Northwest Semitic languages with Ammonite, Edomite, Hebrew, and Moabite, distinct from Aramaic.
It might also be useful to peruse the Ammonite and Edomite epigraphic materials for more Egyptian words, though off-hand, none such come to mind.
The Egyptian Pharaoh Shishak had ample geopolitical reasons to give Jeroboam asylum and to treat him kindly as he had treated David's enemy, the Edomite prince Hadad (11:26-28).
"The ancient archaeological city known for its rock-cut architecture is opened at night on specific days and is lit with candles all the way to Al Khazneh, the treasury, which is one of the most elaborate temples in the ancient Edomite city of Petra.