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A country of north-central Europe west of Russia, bordering on the Baltic Sea. Settled before the 1st century ad, it was held successively between the 13th and 18th centuries by the Danes, German Livonian Knights, Swedes, and Russians. Estonia became an independent republic in 1918 but was annexed by the USSR in 1940. Occupied by Germany in 1941, it reverted to Soviet control in 1944 and was known as the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. Full independence was gained in 1991. Tallinn is the capital and the largest city.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ɛˈstəʊnɪə) or formerly


(Placename) a republic in NE Europe, on the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic: low-lying with many lakes and forests, it includes numerous islands in the Baltic Sea. It was under Scandinavian and Teutonic rule from the 13th century to 1721, when it passed to Russia: it was an independent republic from 1920 to 1940, when it was annexed by the Soviet Union; became independent in 1991 and joined the EU in 2004. Official language: Estonian. Religion: believers are mostly Christian. Currency: euro. Capital: Tallinn. Pop: 1 266 375 (2013 est). Area: 45 227 sq km (17 462 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɛˈstoʊ ni ə, ɛˈstoʊn yə)

a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of the Gulf of Finland: an independent republic 1918–40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 1,408,523; 17,413 sq. mi. (45,100 sq. km). Cap.: Tallinn.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic SeaEstonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
capital of Estonia, Tallin, Tallinn - a port city on the Gulf of Finland that is the capital and largest city of Estonia
Tartu - a city of southeastern Estonia that was a member of the Hanseatic League
Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Estonianước Estonia


[eˈstəʊnɪə] NEstonia f
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


[ɛˈstəʊniə] nEstonie f
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


nEstland nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


Esthonia [ɛˈstəʊnɪə] nEstonia
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


إسْتونيا Estonsko Estland Estland Εσθονία Estonia Viro Estonie Estonija Estonia エストニア 에스토니아 Estland Estland Estonia Estónia, Estônia Эстония Estland ประเทศเอสโตเนีย Estonya nước Estonia 爱沙尼亚
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in periodicals archive ?
The European Investment Bank said on May 7 it had granted a loan of Euro 80 million to the Estonian electricity monopoly Eesti Energia.
Tartu: Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum, Eesti Rahvaluule Arhiiv, 2004.
Estonian telecomms operator AS Eesti Telekom said on Thursday (30 December) that its wholly owned subsidiary Elion Enterprises Ltd would purchase 100% of the shares of the Estonian regional Internet service provider Viru Net OU.
Bank of Moscow's decision comes nearly three months after the lender failed to sell its stake in Eesti Krediidipank to Swiss firm RLS Finanse.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-December 14, 2010--AF to consult Estonian Eesti Energia for EUR1m(C)2010 M2 COMMUNICATIONS
Viimase kumnendi jooksul on usundiuurimine Eesti arheoloogias muutunud uheks olulisemaks teemaks, mis koidab erineva taustaga uurijaid uha rohkem.
CEO of Eesti Gaas Raul Kotov estimated at the request from Postimees that the company s network of gas pipes would cost 4-5 billion kroons, writes LETA/Postimees Online.
The Government has sealed an oil shale agreement with Estonian state-owned Eesti Energia to extract oil and generate power from one of Jordan's oil shale reserves sites.
International Resource News-10 November 2009-NRA completes talks with Eesti Energia(C)2009 ENPublishing -
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-22 October 2009-AS Eesti Telekom intends delisting shares after TeliaSonera AB completes squeeze-out of its minority shares(C)1994-2009 M2 COMMUNICATIONS