effector

(redirected from Effectors)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

ef·fec·tor

 (ĭ-fĕk′tər)
n.
1. A muscle, gland, or organ capable of responding to a stimulus, especially a nerve impulse.
2. A nerve ending that carries impulses to a muscle, gland, or organ and activates muscle contraction or glandular secretion.
3. Biochemistry A small molecule or protein that alters biochemical processes in a cell, as by decreasing or increasing the activity of an enzyme.
4. Computers A device used to produce a desired change in an object in response to input.

effector

(ɪˈfɛktə) or

effecter

n
(Physiology) physiol a nerve ending that terminates in a muscle or gland and provides neural stimulation causing contraction or secretion

ef•fec•tor

(ɪˈfɛk tər)

n.
1. Also, effecter. a person or thing that effects something.
2.
a. an organ, cell, etc., that reacts to a nerve impulse, as a muscle by contracting or a gland by secreting.
b. the part of a nerve that conveys such an impulse.
[1595–1605; < Latin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.effector - one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.effector - a nerve fiber that terminates on a muscle or gland and stimulates contraction or secretion
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
endplate, end-plate, motor end plate - the flattened end of a motor neuron that transmits neural impulses to a muscle
3.effector - an organ (a gland or muscle) that becomes active in response to nerve impulses
organ - a fully differentiated structural and functional unit in an animal that is specialized for some particular function
sense organ, sensory receptor, receptor - an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
Translations
effecteur

ef·fec·tor

n. efector, terminación nerviosa que produce un efecto eferente en una glándula de secreción o en una célula muscular.
References in periodicals archive ?
The focus is on bacterial effectors - or, more precisely, on a recently discovered approach for immunotherapy.
Thus, the robot--or cobot--can utilize multiple end effectors in a single process.
"Tool changers allow you to utilize different end effectors in the same robot application, giving faster changeover from one end effector to another," Doyle says.
The robot tasks are split into two categories: handling and spraying, each of which required specific end effectors. The handling process needed a gripper to pick up the speaker, right after it's precisely welded by a specialized worker, and place it on one of two fixtures in the spraying area.
Through the acquisition of GenVec's AdenoVerse technology and transfer of its accomplished team, Intrexon will create the next generation of adenoviral (AdV) delivery with a higher payload capacity through a scalable manufacturing platform utilizing helper-dependent adenovirus to further advance the field of gene-based medicine by enabling delivery of multiple therapeutic effectors that is not possible with current viral delivery systems.
The ADCC activity of enavatuzumab wild-type or mutant antibodies was measured by Cr-51 release as described previously [2] using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as effectors and TweakR-positive tumor cells as targets.
The Ergo Tranz versatile, adaptable and powerful lifting and transporting device for factory floors and warehouses is now offered in three new versions with custom end effectors that address more applications.
Finding the appropriate target, establishing its grids with the maximum possible accuracy, providing those grids to the command post, elaborate firing data considering target grids and effectors positioning as well as choosing appropriate effectors, transmitting firing data to the selected firing assets, and give the green light for firing, this is in simple terms the firing cycle that an artillery command and control system must manage.
The possible bases and effectors are given in the basis--effector matrix of the bi-mobile linkage which is a symmetrical one with the elements of the principal diagonal equal to zero [5], so that A[i, j] = A[j, i] and A[i,i]= 0 where i is the basis and j is the effector.
Vibrio parahaemotyticus bacteria, which cause gastroenteritis, inject proteins called effectors into host cells.
We first sought to assess the ability of MP-mediated increases in cytosolic cAMP levels to activate downstream cAMP effectors using a one compartment model.