They discuss who built the mounds; their excavation, chronology, and research on their meanings; Wisconsin before the mound builders; early burial mound builders in the Woodland period and middle and late Woodland stages; the effigy mound
ceremonial complex; platform mound builders of the Mississippian culture; burial mound construction and use in later times by the Oneota and others; and Indian mounds in the modern world, including legislation to preserve them, Native and scientific perspectives on them, and their legacy.
After the completion of the boasting, a group of women and men led the warriors to walk around the effigy mound
, singing (pekuab) a praise song, or kuab.
The form of the figure emphasizes both the skill of its designers and creators and the importance of the entity depicted most likely either a shaman or a Lower World human/spirit transformation and thus represents a figure at the very heart of the effigy mound
A wealth of black-and-white maps, drawings, and photographs grace Spirits of Earth: The Effigy Mound
Landscape of Madison and the Four Lakes, a combination history and visitor's guide to the effigy mounds
of the Madison, Wisconsin area.
The National Park Service has released an Environmental Assessment (EA) for installing a new septic system in the park headquarters area at Effigy Mounds
The dozens and dozens of national parks covered range from the Grand Teton National Park, to the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, to the Effigy Mounds
In Warren County, Ohio, two serpent effigy mounds
were recorded along the floodplain of the Little Miami River: Kern Effigy I (33Wa372) and Kern Effigy II (33Wa373).
For example, he often ascribes to supernaturalism an "other worldly power" (20) and further implies it when discussing effigy mounds
as a kind of symbolized geography (35).
They built spectacular burial mounds, effigy mounds
in the form of animals, and complex ceremonial centres.
We tour two college campuses, study restoration architecture, explore a cave, hike the Effigy Mounds
, and travel up river on a paddlewheel boat.
National Monument preserves sites from a related culture, which sprang up in Iowa and Wisconsin as the Hopewell were disappearing.
At Pike's Peak south of Effigy Mounds
National Monument in Iowa, the confluence of the Winconsin River creates marshy wilderness so vast it has remained almost unchanged since explorers paused here- or even thousands of years earlier when mound builders stood on the sacred bluffs and entreated the gods to bring them success in hunting.