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Ehr·lich(âr′lĭKH), Paul 1854-1915.
German bacteriologist. He shared a 1908 Nobel Prize for discoveries in immunology, especially his work on antitoxins, and later developed a successful treatment for syphilis.
Ehr·lich(âr′lĭk), Paul 1854-1915.
German bacteriologist who was a pioneer in the study of the blood and the immune system, and in the development of drugs to fight specific disease-causing agents. Ehrlich theorized that the interactions between cells, antibodies, and antigens were chemical responses, and he developed systematic techniques to search for chemicals that would attack and destroy disease without harming human cells. In the process, he discovered a compound that was effective in combating sleeping sickness and another drug, called salvarsan, that cured syphilis.