Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Ekman layer: Ekman flow
In a rotating fluid, a layer of relatively uniform fluid between a boundary (such as the surface) and the bulk of the fluid, especially the upper layer of the ocean whose currents are largely driven by the force of wind on the surface.
[After Vagn Walfrid Ekman (1874-1954), Swedish oceanographer.]
Ekman layer(Swedish ˈɛkman)
(Physical Geography) the thin top layer of the sea that flows at 90° to the wind direction, discovered by Vagn Walfrid Ekman