public key cryptography

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public key cryptography

n.
Any of various techniques that use two different keys whereby data encrypted with one key can only be decrypted using the other. In typical use, the recipient makes one key public and keeps the other private, so that anyone may encrypt data for the recipient, but only the recipient can decrypt it.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.