El Niño

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El Niño
top: normal water temperatures, with warm water concentrated in the western tropical Pacific
bottom: El Niño conditions, with warm water extending from the western tropical Pacific to the eastern Pacific

El Ni·ño

 (nēn′yō)
n.
A climatic event occurring every two to seven years, characterized by warming of surface waters and reduced upwelling of cold, nutrient-rich water off the western coast of South America, causing die-offs of plankton and fish and influencing jet stream winds, altering storm tracks and affecting the climate over much of the world.

[American Spanish (originally used by fisherman in Ecuador and Peru as a name for the warm ocean current typically appearing around Christmastime in El Niño years), from Spanish, the Christ child : el, the (from Latin ille; see al- in Indo-European roots) + niño, child (from Old Spanish ninno, from Vulgar Latin *nīnnus).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

El Niño

(ɛl ˈniːnjəʊ)
n
(Physical Geography) meteorol a warming of the eastern tropical Pacific occurring every few years, which alters the weather pattern of the tropics
[C20: from Spanish: The Child, i.e. Christ, referring to its original occurrence at Christmas time]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

El Ni•ño

(ɛl ˈnin yoʊ)
n.
a warm ocean current of variable intensity that develops after late December along the coast of Ecuador and Peru and sometimes causes catastrophic weather conditions.
[< Sp: literally, the child, i.e., the Christ child, alluding to the appearance of the current near Christmas]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

El Ni·ño

(ĕl nēn′yō)
A warming of the surface water of the eastern and central Pacific Ocean, occurring every 4 to 12 years and causing unusual weather patterns. The warmer water kills fish and plankton, brings heavy rains to western South America, and causes drought in eastern Australia and Indonesia. Compare La Niña.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.El Nino - (oceanography) a warm ocean current that flows along the equator from the date line and south off the coast of Ecuador at Christmas time
oceanography, oceanology - the branch of science dealing with physical and biological aspects of the oceans
ocean current - the steady flow of surface ocean water in a prevailing direction
El Nino southern oscillation - a more intense El Nino that occurs every few years when the welling up of cold nutrient-rich water does not occur; kills plankton and fish and affects weather patterns
2.El Nino - the Christ child
Spanish - the Romance language spoken in most of Spain and the countries colonized by Spain
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

El Niño

nEl Niño m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
Malacanang has ordered the reactivation and reconstitution of a task force dedicated to mitigating the effects of El Nino, which is expected to continue until the end of August.
The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) continues to assist local government units (LGUs) that are still reeling from the effects of the El Nino phenomenon, providing them a total of ?9.44 million worth of augmentation assistance.
The city government of Bacolod, through a task force, will formulate a contingency plan that will address concerns related to the extreme heat associated with the El Nino phenomenon.
Less than two weeks after the state weather bureau announced that the Philippines will experience a full-blown El Nino, the Department of Agriculture reported that the weather phenomenon has destroyed crops valued at P150 million (See,
El Nino might develop from weak to moderate level as summer interludes with the dry spell.
A weather phenomenon known as an El Nino could causewidespread floodingand severe drought in different parts of the world in the next three months, forecasters have warned.
Every El Nino is its own distinctive event, with differences in strength, location, timing, duration, and predictability.
El Nino may develop later this year, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) warned yesterday.
JOHANNESBURG: Drought conditions associated with an El Nino weather pattern are likely to reoccur in a few months time, the South African government said on Thursday.
The historic El Nino event currently shaking up Earth's weather rose like a phoenix from the hot remains of a failed 2014 El Nino, new research suggests.
For months now, weather forecasters have been talking about a Godzilla El Nino. By definition El Nino is a patch of anomalously warmer than normal water right along the equator in the Pacific that typically extends from the South American coast, often eastward to the international dateline.