Eleatic


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El·e·at·ic

(ĕl′ē-ăt′ĭk)
adj.
Of or characteristic of the tradition of philosophy founded by Zeno of Elea and Parmenides and holding the belief that reality is indivisible and unchanging.

[Latin Eleāticus, from Greek Eleātikos, from Elea.]

El′e·a′tic n.
El′e·at′i·cism (-ĭ-sĭz′əm) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Eleatic

(ˌɛlɪˈætɪk)
adj
(Philosophy) denoting or relating to a school of philosophy founded in Elea in Greece in the 6th century bc by Xenophanes, Parmenides, and Zeno. It held that one pure immutable Being is the only object of knowledge and that information obtained by the senses is illusory
n
(Philosophy) a follower of this school
Eleaticism n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

El•e•at•ic

(ˌɛl iˈæt ɪk)

adj.
1. noting or pertaining to a school of philosophy, founded by Parmenides, that investigated the phenomenal world, esp. with reference to the phenomena of change.
n.
2. a philosopher of the Eleatic school.
[1685–95; < Latin Eleāticus of Elea, where the school originated < Greek Eleātikós]
El`e•at′i•cism, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The Eleatic notion that being and thought were the same was revived in a new form by Descartes.
The teaching of Spinoza might be described generally as the Jewish religion reduced to an abstraction and taking the form of the Eleatic philosophy.
Nor in what may be termed Plato's abridgement of the history of philosophy (Soph.), is any mention made such as we find in the first book of Aristotle's Metaphysics, of the derivation of such a theory or of any part of it from the Pythagoreans, the Eleatics, the Heracleiteans, or even from Socrates.
Its failure would suggest that the Eleatic Stranger's (the leading speaker, hereafter "the Stranger") solution to the perplexities of not-being, image, and falsehood, intended as the metaphysical underpinning for defining the sophist, may be problematic.
In the West the preference for "being over becoming" typified the earliest philosophers and constituted the defining feature of the Eleatic school of Parmenides, whose student Zeno offered four paradoxes designed to demonstrate the unreality of time according to the impossibility of motion.
Scholars agree that the Philebus is one of Plato's late dialogues, arguably one of the last; it also marks the return of Socrates after the Eleatic Stranger's main role in the Sophist and the Statesman.
The same image of balance appears in the Statesman, where a character named 'Eleatic Visitor' uses it as a model for political action.
It does not trouble, for example, Diogenes Laertius (3.52), who identifies four mouthpieces for Plato: Socrates; Timaeus; the Athenian Stranger; the Eleatic Stranger.
This group was led by Pythagoras (believed to be the founding mathematician), Heraclitus (the problem of change), Parmenides (founder of the Eleatic school, also dealt, with the phenomenon of change), Zeno (student of Parmenides), Empedocles (synthesizer of argument against motion and change) and Anaxagoras (interpreter of process wherein matter, takes on the form, of particular things).