Some of the key players operating in the industry are Gentex Corporation, GlasNovations Ltd., Heliotrope Technologies, Inc., Pleotint LLC, Ravenbrick LLC, Research Frontiers Inc., SAGE Electrochromics
, Inc., Scienstry, Stellaris Corp, Vista Window Co LLC., ChromoGenics AB, Diamond Glass Limited, EControl-Glas, Gesimat GmbH, Hitachi Chemical and Polytronix Inc.
Linkopings univeristet and applied research institute RISE (formerly Acreo) have a long history of research and development in printable electrochromics
dating back to the 1980's.
Continued research and development have also led to many potential applications of titanium dioxide nanomaterials in areas including photovoltaic, photocatalysis, electrochromics
, and sensors.
Depending on the number and the nature of the layers combined and the particle size distribution, different grades can be produced having different optical properties (Opacity) or performances such as dispersability, processability, or durability , Since its commercial production in the early twentieth century, titanium dioxide has been widely used as a pigment and in sunscreens, paints, ointments, toothpaste and more [31, 32], Also more recent researches on titanium dioxide, have led to many promising applications in areas ranging from photovoltaics and photocatalysis to photo/ electrochromics
and sensors [33-36].
Reynolds, "Conducting poly (3,4-alkylene-dioxythiophene) derivatives as fast electrochromics
with high-contrast ratios," Chemistry of Materials, vol.
Whittingham, "Layered vanadium and molybdenum oxides: batteries and electrochromics
," Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol.
Liu et al., "Chalcogenodiazolo[3,4c]pyridine based donor-acceptor-donor polymers for green and near-infrared electrochromics
," Polymer Chemistry, vol.
Jannasch, "Electrolytes based on LiCl[O.sub.4] and branched PEG-boronate ester polymers for electrochromics
," Solid State Ionics, vol.
The nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiONP) have diverse applications including uses in electrochromics
preparation, making of films, p-type transparent conducting films, and synthesis of magnetic materials, gas sensors, catalysts, battery cathodes, and solid oxide fuel cell anodes .
Thus Ti[O.sub.2] is useful in applications such as photocatalyst , dye sensitized solar cells , chemical sensors [3-5], electrochromics
, and electronic devices .
The Key players in the market include Gentex Corporation, Magna Glass & Window, Inc., Econtrol-Glas GmbH & Co., PPG Industries, SAGE Electrochromics
, Inc., View, Inc., Guardian Industries, RavenBrick LLC and ChromoGenics AB.