30 [3, 18-21] have proved to be useful in corrosion as well as in many other fields, such as industrial electrolysis, plating, electrowinning and electrorefining
of metals, primary and secondary electric cells, water treatment, and hydrometallurgy.
The reduction products of the OR process are transferred to an integrated process, electrorefining
, as feed materials.
Pyrometallurgical process includes matte smelting, converting, fire refining, and electrorefining
of blister copper .
amount of plutonium would require adding electrorefining
Sixty-one articles are presented from sessions devoted to copper electrorefining
; base metal processing; transition metal processing; precious metals, recycling, and the environment; processing and properties; and characterization.
The cell has a simple construction, easy to clean, it has low cost price and it can be used outside galvanic processes and to study other electrochemical processes such as: electrochemical corrosion, electrorefining
, dimensional controlled anodic processing.
However, the sulphides are naturally incorporated during electrorefining
of the nickel by breakdown of levelling agents so there is a degree of convenience for the nickel mining companies made a virtue in the 1960s and copyrighted!
* Applied Electrochemistry: Corrosion, Electroplating, Electrorefining
and Electrowinning of Metals, Electro-synthesis, Batteries, etc.
In a study of the influence of nickel on the electrorefining
of copper in a secondary smelter it was found that passivation effects occurred during electrorefining
with high Ni concentrations(53).