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n. pl. e·len·chi (-kī)
A logical refutation, especially one that disproves a proposition by proving the direct contrary of its conclusion.

[Latin, from Greek elenkhos, refutation, from elenkhein, to bring disgrace to, accuse, cross-examine, refute; probably akin to Hittite linkzi, he swears (as an oath), and Old High German -lingan in antlingan, to answer (ant-, off, away, reversing).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -chi (-kaɪ)
1. (Logic) refutation of an argument by proving the contrary of its conclusion, esp syllogistically
2. (Logic) Socratic elenchus the drawing out of the consequences of a position in order to show them to be contrary to some accepted position
[C17: from Latin, from Greek elenkhos refutation, from elenkhein to put to shame, refute]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ɪˈlɛŋ kəs)

n., pl. -chi (-kī, -kē).
a logical refutation.
[1655–65; < Latin < Greek élenchos refutation]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


a syllogistic argument that refutes a proposition by proving the direct opposite of its conclusion. — elenchic, elenctic, adj.
See also: Logic
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
is the Socratic elenchus. 'Elenchus' in the wider sense means examining a person with regard to a statement he has made, by putting to him questions calling for further statements, in the hope that they will determine the meaning and the truth-value of his first statement.
The main problem with their argumentation here is that they end up assimilating the Socratic elenchus to conceptual analysis involving intuitions, thus presenting the intuition skeptic as calling for the abandonment of "the method of traditional philosophy", whose defender is called the "traditionalist".
As the Stranger explains in the Sophist--in a passage, it is true, where he is supposed to define the sophist, but which to my mind presents the very best definition of the Socratic elenchus, hence the Stranger's reluctance to attribute to the sophist the resulting definition (35)--ignorance ([phrase omitted]) is of two kinds.
Assessing the implications on performance when aligning customer lifetime value calculations with religious faith groups and after lifetime values--a Socratic elenchus approach.
This paper introduces a black light technique to capture the crepuscular strepsipteran Elenchus koebelei Pierce (Strepsiptera: Elenchidae).
Hence, it does not consist of a unity as rigid as Parmenides had imagined in his famous poem, because the ideas of "being" and "non-being," of identity and difference, admit countless conjugations, leading into a much larger elenchus of potential judgments.
(34) The theory of anamnesis set out in the Meno, for instance, holds that Meno's slave, who has just learned a geometrical principle through the Socratic elenchus, therefore had the opinion of that principle's truth already "somewhere in him"; that it is in him because he acquired it between lives, when his immortal soul was "not in human shape"; and that in the moment he apprehends the truth of the proposition he is in fact remembering what he once knew.
Villon foi incluido no elenchus auctorum [elenco de autoridades] de diversos tratados retoricos da epoca, como, por exemplo, Le Quintil Horacien, de Barthelemy Aneau (GOYET, 1990).
Aporia begins "as the mental state of perplexity and being at a loss in the face of the Socratic demand for definitions; and leads to aporia as the puzzlement about particular puzzles and problems." In the first stage Socrates seeks by means of extended interrogation, or elenchus, to establish definitions; a second phase concerns the moment when he turns impasse into the impetus for the search for knowledge (89).