From Within and Without: The Incas, Between Emic and Etic
We go back to the origins of emic and etic
in linguistics and conduct a linguistic and philosophical analysis of these terms to demonstrate that the emic-etic distinction is not helpful for adequately studying cross-cultural data.
In an effort to study both emic and etic
dimensions of religious coping, the study also analyzes these responses within the framework of Pargament and colleagues' (1998; 2000) religious coping constructs to determine responses that are consistent with findings across other cultures (etic) and to identify and describe responses that are culturally specific to Guatemala and Kenya (emic).
For instance, she calls our attention to the distinction, introduced as long ago as 1968 by the German scholar Roland Harweg, between emic and etic
openings of narratives.
Bracketing the autobiographical narratives are two theoretical chapters exploring the implications of the narratives from both emic and etic
perspectives on multilingualism.
To have a balanced view of today's "Chinese values," we adopt Pike's (1967) dual emic and etic
approaches and Berry's (1989) emics-derived-etics approach in culture studies.
Two mater possibilities for studying cultures are emic and etic