Empedocles

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Em·ped·o·cles

 (ĕm-pĕd′ə-klēz′) Fifth century bc.
Greek philosopher who believed that all matter is composed of earth, air, fire and water, and that all change is caused by attraction and repulsion.

Empedocles

(ɛmˈpɛdəˌkliːz)
n
(Biography) ?490–430 bc, Greek philosopher and scientist, who held that the world is composed of four elements, air, fire, earth, and water, which are governed by the opposing forces of love and discord

Em•ped•o•cles

(ɛmˈpɛd əˌkliz)

n.
c490–c430 B.C., Greek philosopher and statesman.
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Noun1.Empedocles - Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)
Translations

Empedocles

[ɛmˈpɛdəˌkliːz] nEmpedocle m
References in periodicals archive ?
Still, while many Muslim scientists balanced the four Empedoclean elements with various Pythagorean principles, Abu MaaACAyshar did not simply incorporate the movements of planets, zodiacal signs, and decans with human and animal factors governing nature's behaviour.
Pythagorean re-incarnation is scarcely an idea Ovid could resist in his philosophically inflected, concatenated epyllia of transformations, where we may also trace Stoic, Heraclitean, Empedoclean, Anaxagorean as well as Epicurean vestiges.
The question has already been asked by Paul Fenton regarding the Theology of Aristotle, (3) and De Smet's analysis of the Arabic Empedoclean doctrine forces us to ask it more pointedly.
For the catalogue of the Milan show O'Hara wrote that Bluhm's "paintings - passionate, precise, impulsive, classical - embrace the elements of actuality as they are sensed rather than seen, and if there is reference to nature it is to those pure Empedoclean qualities which we had thought lost: earth, fire, water, air.
For this idea, I was mainly indebted to Sacvan Bercovitch's article "Love and Strife in Kyd's Spanish Tragedy" (SEL 9 [1969]: 215-29), which also provided the insight that the infernal Book of Fate was a symbol of the Empedoclean cycle of Love-Strife which informs the structure of the play.
That the reluctance is attributable to nobody's knowing enough about Empedocles, as one critic has suggested (Hill 15), is not likely, since at least two others (Feshback, Neff) have been brave enough to claim the presence of Empedoclean cosmology in "Dover Beach.
2) Employing the four Empedoclean elements in examples allows for a clear exposition of Aquinas.