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 (ĕm-pĕd′ə-klēz′) Fifth century bc.
Greek philosopher who believed that all matter is composed of earth, air, fire and water, and that all change is caused by attraction and repulsion.
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(Biography) ?490–430 bc, Greek philosopher and scientist, who held that the world is composed of four elements, air, fire, earth, and water, which are governed by the opposing forces of love and discord
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(ɛmˈpɛd əˌkliz)

c490–c430 B.C., Greek philosopher and statesman.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.Empedocles - Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)
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[ɛmˈpɛdəˌkliːz] nEmpedocle m
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References in periodicals archive ?
146 DK, poised for return from exile to the company of the blessed, no more represent an Empedoclean ideal than do the lions of fr.
Still, while many Muslim scientists balanced the four Empedoclean elements with various Pythagorean principles, Abu MaaACAyshar did not simply incorporate the movements of planets, zodiacal signs, and decans with human and animal factors governing nature's behaviour.
Pythagorean re-incarnation is scarcely an idea Ovid could resist in his philosophically inflected, concatenated epyllia of transformations, where we may also trace Stoic, Heraclitean, Empedoclean, Anaxagorean as well as Epicurean vestiges.
Is it an Empedoclean rival to love, and thus something like the death drive of Freud's final, dualistic metapsychology?
This is particularly so when they suggest that anti-essentialist arguments may be discounted if we acknowledge properly the importance of an Empedoclean view of nature.
The question has already been asked by Paul Fenton regarding the Theology of Aristotle, (3) and De Smet's analysis of the Arabic Empedoclean doctrine forces us to ask it more pointedly.
For the catalogue of the Milan show O'Hara wrote that Bluhm's "paintings - passionate, precise, impulsive, classical - embrace the elements of actuality as they are sensed rather than seen, and if there is reference to nature it is to those pure Empedoclean qualities which we had thought lost: earth, fire, water, air." More specifically in "Art Chronicle I" (Kulchur, Spring 1962), he observed, "A great deal has been written about the influence of Pollock, but that is all about the look, the technique which is best known (Pollock had several).
For this idea, I was mainly indebted to Sacvan Bercovitch's article "Love and Strife in Kyd's Spanish Tragedy" (SEL 9 [1969]: 215-29), which also provided the insight that the infernal Book of Fate was a symbol of the Empedoclean cycle of Love-Strife which informs the structure of the play.
Similarly, the reference to the Apollonian song of Orpheus and the Empedoclean principle of Strife should alert the reader to the corresponding cosmogonic principle of Love.(67) Finally, the reader may also think of the proem of Lucretius' De Rerum Natura (1.1-20), in which the poet acknowledges the creative power of Venus Genetrix, and hence also Empedoclean Love.
The relationship between the religious and the scientific doctrines is one of the central problems of Empedoclean scholarship; modem scholars, moving away from the positivist urge to set hard barriers between logos and muthos, tend to see Empedocles' physics and his religious philosophy as being closely interdependent; and Ovid will reproduce the Empedoclean model even more faithfully if the surviving fragments of Empedocles in fact come from one, not two, poems, a case that has recently been argued by Catherine Osborne.(9)