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n.1.(Gram.) The art of declining and conjugating words.
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His starting point is Wackernagel's Law generalizing word order in the archaic Indo-European languages that enclitics and postpositives occur "second" in their clause, and uses Herodotus' Histories, a fifth-century BCE text in the Ionic dialect, as his test case.
Shirley's index of enclitics exactly repeats Shakespeare's: 55 per 1000 lines.
The absence of initial */dV-/ in Khotanese is disguised in the normalized transcription where it appears that some words begin with tV-*/dV-/, but these are actually all enclitics.
This asymmetry can be analyzed as follows: final and penultimate stress shift in imperative phrases is part of the indigenous grammar of the dialect, but this stress pattern is constrained by morpho-syntactic considerations, such as the number and form of enclitics.
In summary, there are differences between the dialects regarding the unmarked position of the possessive, the use of enclitics and the use of the definite article.
The first volume contains the introduction--which includes discussions of sounds and spelling and phonology and orthography, and dialects--and a Yup'ik-English dictionary of base words; the second contains postbases, endings, enclitics, appendices, and an English-to-Yup'ik index.
Transitive combinations are coded morphologically by verb prefixes, second position enclitics, and, in the case of overt noun phrases (NP), case markers.
Enclitics joined to verbs do not shorten long stressed vowels, even though open syllables become closed as a result.
In this case the PW consists of the GW augmented by proclitics and/or enclitics, thus resembling the clitic group (CG) domain (Nespor and Vogel 1986).
Each of these verb phrases contains ordered segments including incorporated nominals, bound Benefactive pronouns and enclitics marking tense, mood and aspect.
The Hungarian verbal suffix 1/3PSg -k is generally derived more or less plausibly from (reflexive) enclitics.