Lovell and Lutz meticulously turn to overlooked manuscripts like tribute assessments (tasaciones) and lawsuits (pleitos) to reconstruct the burdens of the encomienda system
The evolution of Hispanic America with the legacy of the encomienda system
introduced by the conquistadors illustrates the consequences of extractive institutions.
The encomienda system
organized the economy, society, and politics of early colonial Peru.
William Bivin notes that Queen Isabella's sixteenth-century encomienda system
, ostensibly intended to further the spiritual education of Indians, in fact reduced them to servitude and changed their status to one of perpetual inferiority, sub-humans capable only of receiving charity, but with nothing linguistically or socially to contribute to the larger social or ecclesiastical good.
He also persuaded Charles V to abolish slavery and to end the encomienda system
through the promulgation of "New Laws.
on the development of the encomienda system
or capital transfers from the Americas to Europe.
The first solution was the encomienda system
, begun by Governor Ovando of Hispaniola around 1500.
7) Some scholars equate the encomienda system
with slavery and insist that laws passed concerning the governance and protection of the natives had little influence on actual practice.
According to the rules of the encomienda system
, however, they were technically free: they could not be bought of sold, they were to be assigned specific tasks, and they were to be treated with human respect and regard to the principles of Christian social intercourse.
While landowners, or encomenderos, were obliged to follow a set of laws mandating that the native Guarani be treated decently and be provided with Christian instruction, the encomienda system
quickly deteriorated into a legalized form of slavery.