Encratism


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Encratism

beliefs and practices of the Encratites, a 2nd-century Gnostic sect that renounced marriage and abstained from flesh and wine. — Encratist, n.
See also: Heresy
the practices of a 2nd-century sect that abstained from marriage, wine, and meat. — Encratite, n.
See also: Christianity
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There are four topics covered in these early sections: martyrdom and virginity in the first and second century, aberrant movements (Encratism, Montanism, Neoplatonism, and Gnosticism), Clement of Alexandria, and Origen.
These chapters parse the types of ascetic positions represented in the first three centuries: "Some emphasized the complete rejection of sexual activity (radical encratism); others allowed marriage and sexual union and yet strongly devalued both (moderate encratism); still others stressed the original goodness and enduring value of marriage and procreation" (128).
'The 'Heresy' of Encratism and the History of Christianity in Eastern Syria,' paper delivered at the Annual Meeting of the SBL.