n.1.(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; - called also Continent.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thecla is sentenced to the stake because she is an encratite Christian and therefore refuses to marry her fiance (Apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla, [section][section] 20-21), and Agrippa's concubines who refrain from sharing Agrippa's bed accept to endure all the torture he threatens to submit them to (Apocryphal Acts of Peter, [section] 33).
Stephen GERO, With Walter Bauer on the Tigris: Encratite Orthodoxy and Libertine Heresy in Syro-Mesopotamian Christianity, en Charles W.
By contrast, figures such as Tertullian, Origen, Ambrose, Jerome, and even Augustine are "de-centered," as each is shown to preserve various aspects of earlier encratite "heresy." The question remains: why was Jovinian roundly opposed if he stood in continuity with Christian tradition?
Augustine was, in general, a moderate ascetic--he never approached Jerome in the ferocity of his prejudices--but the encratite instinct was there, and harmonized only too well with his theology of the transmission of the guilt of Adam's primal sin, with depressing consequences for future theology.
Before the discovery of the Cynic papyrus it was assumed that Palladius' was simply a Christian text, though its precise orientation could and can be disputed: Berg sees it as a Gnostic text with Encratite elements, while Photiades interprets it as an Arian one.(18)
A paganly-educated Syrian, he was converted at Rome by Justin, thence returning (172) to the East where he supposedly founded the Encratite heresy, an extreme ascetic cult, albeit enemies may have exaggerated his involvement.
Lost Christianities should at least have mentioned in passing the encratite features of Tatian's Gospel harmony (the Diatessaron), the strange faith of Bardaisan and his disciples, and in the fourth century the elitist views of the Liber Graduum and the struggles in Aphrahat and Ephrem for orthodoxy.
concurs with those scholars who consider The Gospel of Thomas, The Acts of Thomas, and Thomas the Contender evidence for an encratite Thomas Christianity centered in Edessa.
Thomas is widely believed, on this side of the Atlantic, to be a second-century version of canonical sayings, with an encratite or gnostic bias.
One aspect of the antiquity of the above-mentioned Armenian version of the Martyrdom of Philip which Leloir notes is its retention of certain encratite features (though these are velied in another Armenian redaction).
Drijvers situates these Acts precisely within the encratite theology of early third-century Syria rejecting the more properly Gnostic characterization of them by Bornkamm in the 1964 edition).