Thecla is sentenced to the stake because she is an encratite
Christian and therefore refuses to marry her fiance (Apocryphal Acts of Paul and Thecla, [section][section] 20-21), and Agrippa's concubines who refrain from sharing Agrippa's bed accept to endure all the torture he threatens to submit them to (Apocryphal Acts of Peter, [section] 33).
Eyl is doubtlessly right to say that the Acts of Paul and Thecla exhibits an encratite
ideology and that contemporary culture conceived of eros (initiated by the gaze) as impossible to fight against, which is why the narrative does not allow Thecla to see Paul.
Stephen GERO, With Walter Bauer on the Tigris: Encratite
Orthodoxy and Libertine Heresy in Syro-Mesopotamian Christianity, en Charles W.
By contrast, figures such as Tertullian, Origen, Ambrose, Jerome, and even Augustine are "de-centered," as each is shown to preserve various aspects of earlier encratite
"heresy." The question remains: why was Jovinian roundly opposed if he stood in continuity with Christian tradition?
Augustine was, in general, a moderate ascetic--he never approached Jerome in the ferocity of his prejudices--but the encratite
instinct was there, and harmonized only too well with his theology of the transmission of the guilt of Adam's primal sin, with depressing consequences for future theology.
Before the discovery of the Cynic papyrus it was assumed that Palladius' was simply a Christian text, though its precise orientation could and can be disputed: Berg sees it as a Gnostic text with Encratite
elements, while Photiades interprets it as an Arian one.(18)
A paganly-educated Syrian, he was converted at Rome by Justin, thence returning (172) to the East where he supposedly founded the Encratite
heresy, an extreme ascetic cult, albeit enemies may have exaggerated his involvement.
Lost Christianities should at least have mentioned in passing the encratite
features of Tatian's Gospel harmony (the Diatessaron), the strange faith of Bardaisan and his disciples, and in the fourth century the elitist views of the Liber Graduum and the struggles in Aphrahat and Ephrem for orthodoxy.
concurs with those scholars who consider The Gospel of Thomas, The Acts of Thomas, and Thomas the Contender evidence for an encratite
Thomas Christianity centered in Edessa.
Thomas is widely believed, on this side of the Atlantic, to be a second-century version of canonical sayings, with an encratite
or gnostic bias.
One aspect of the antiquity of the above-mentioned Armenian version of the Martyrdom of Philip which Leloir notes is its retention of certain encratite
features (though these are velied in another Armenian redaction).
Drijvers situates these Acts precisely within the encratite
theology of early third-century Syria rejecting the more properly Gnostic characterization of them by Bornkamm in the 1964 edition).