islets of Langerhans

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Related to Endocrine pancreas: Exocrine pancreas

is·lets of Lang·er·hans

 (ī′lĭts; läng′ər-häns′)
pl.n.
Irregular clusters of endocrine cells scattered throughout the tissue of the pancreas that secrete insulin and glucagon. Also called islands of Langerhans.

[After Paul Langerhans (1847-1888), German pathologist.]

islets of Langerhans

(ˈlæŋəˌhæns) or

islands of Langerhans

pl n
(Anatomy) small groups of endocrine cells in the pancreas that secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon
[C19: named after Paul Langerhans (1847–88), German physician]

is·lets of Lang·er·hans

(ī′lĭts əv läng′ər-häns′)
Irregular clusters of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the tissue of the pancreas and secrete insulin.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.islets of Langerhans - cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ; secrete insulin and other hormones
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
pancreas - a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
References in periodicals archive ?
The aberrant BA homeostasis during ICP may further contribute to the aetiology of GDM, by affecting FXR and TGR5 signalling in the in the gut and endocrine pancreas.
The study, conducted by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and ViaCyte, a privately-held regenerative medicine company, documented in a mouse model that a selective blockade of specific elements of the immune system, co-stimulatory blocking agents CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154, allows the implanted precursor cells to avoid immune rejection and develop into the insulin-producing and other cells of the healthy endocrine pancreas.
The exocrine pancreas is found throughout the organ; within the exocrine pancreas, distinct cell masses called islets of Langerhans are dispersed and constitute the endocrine pancreas.
5 the expression of Pdx1 is mostly restricted to the mature [beta]-cells in the endocrine pancreas (Guz et al.
GLP-1 is an important postprandial hormone secreted from the L-cells in the intestine with a stimulating effect on insulin secretion and an inhibitory role on glucagon secretion from the endocrine pancreas in a glucose-dependent manner.
Regulations of secretion and/or function of non-insulin peptides from the endocrine pancreas.