islets of Langerhans

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Related to Endocrine pancreas: Exocrine pancreas

is·lets of Lang·er·hans

 (ī′lĭts; läng′ər-häns′)
pl.n.
Irregular clusters of endocrine cells scattered throughout the tissue of the pancreas that secrete insulin and glucagon. Also called islands of Langerhans.

[After Paul Langerhans (1847-1888), German pathologist.]

islets of Langerhans

(ˈlæŋəˌhæns) or

islands of Langerhans

pl n
(Anatomy) small groups of endocrine cells in the pancreas that secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon
[C19: named after Paul Langerhans (1847–88), German physician]

is·lets of Lang·er·hans

(ī′lĭts əv läng′ər-häns′)
Irregular clusters of endocrine cells that are scattered throughout the tissue of the pancreas and secrete insulin.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.islets of Langerhans - cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ; secrete insulin and other hormones
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
pancreas - a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
References in periodicals archive ?
The endocrine system includes the hypothalamic--pituitary--adrenal axis, the hypothalamic--pituitary--gonadal axis, the hypothalamic--pituitary--thyroid axis, the hypothalamic--pituitary--growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis, and the hypothalamic--posterior pituitary axis, as well as other sources of hormones, such as the endocrine pancreas and endocrine adipose tissue.
In 2002, he joined the University of Michigan faculty where he focused mainly on surgical diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, endocrine pancreas and adrenal glands, as well as the surgical management of multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATERNAL AND FOETAL GLYCEMIA AND FOETAL ENDOCRINE PANCREAS IN ALPACAS
Conclusion: Sodium cyclamate affects the histomorphology of endocrine pancreas by increasing the area of islets of langerhans in treated group.
This includes triad of tumours of parathyroid glands, endocrine pancreas and anterior pituitary.
The study, conducted by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and ViaCyte, documented in a mouse model that a selective blockade of specific elements of the immune system, co-stimulatory blocking agents CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154, allows the implanted precursor cells to avoid immune rejection and develop into the insulin-producing and other cells of the healthy endocrine pancreas.
The exocrine pancreas is found throughout the organ; within the exocrine pancreas, distinct cell masses called islets of Langerhans are dispersed and constitute the endocrine pancreas.
When implanted under the skin, the PEC-01 cells are designed to mature and further differentiate into insulin-producing beta and other endocrine cells that regulate blood glucose in a manner similar or identical to the islets that normally comprise the endocrine pancreas.
When implanted under the skin, the PEC01 cells are designed to mature and further differentiate into insulin-producing beta and other endocrine cells that regulate blood glucose in a manner similar or identical to the normal islets that comprise the endocrine pancreas.
5 the expression of Pdx1 is mostly restricted to the mature [beta]-cells in the endocrine pancreas (Guz et al.
So, beta cells of endocrine pancreas either stop producing insulin or can no longer produce it in enough quantity for body's needs.
GLP-1 is an important postprandial hormone secreted from the L-cells in the intestine with a stimulating effect on insulin secretion and an inhibitory role on glucagon secretion from the endocrine pancreas in a glucose-dependent manner.