retrovirus

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retrovirus
schematic of a retrovirus

ret·ro·vi·rus

 (rĕt′rō-vī′rəs, rĕt′rə-vī′-)
n. pl. ret·ro·vi·rus·es
Any of a family of viruses, many of which produce tumors, that contain RNA and reverse transcriptase, including HIV.

ret′ro·vi′ral adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

retrovirus

(ˈrɛtrəʊˌvaɪrəs)
n
(Microbiology) any of several viruses whose genetic specification is encoded in RNA rather than DNA and that are able to reverse the normal flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA by transcribing RNA into DNA: many retroviruses are known to cause cancer in animals
ˈretroˌviral adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ret•ro•vi•rus

(ˌrɛ trəˈvaɪ rəs, ˈrɛ trəˌvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of various single-stranded RNA-containing viruses, of the family Retroviridae, that have a helical envelope and contain the enzyme reverse transcriptase, which enables genetic information from viral RNA to become part of host DNA.
[1975–80]
ret`ro•vi′ral, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ret·ro·vi·rus

(rĕt′rō-vī′rəs)
Any of a group of viruses containing RNA in which the RNA can convert to DNA inside a cell. Some retroviruses cause cancer in humans. The virus that causes AIDS is a retrovirus.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retrovirus - any of a group of viruses that contain two single-strand linear RNA molecules per virion and reverse transcriptase (RNA to DNA); the virus transcribes its RNA into a cDNA provirus that is then incorporated into the host cell
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
HTLV-1, human T-cell leukemia virus-1 - retrovirus causing T-cell leukemia
human immunodeficiency virus, HIV - the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
retrovirus

retrovirus

[ˈretrəʊˌvaɪrəs] Nretrovirus m inv
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

retrovirus

nRetrovirus nt or m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

ret·ro·vi·rus

n. retrovirus, virus que pertenece al grupo ácido ARN, algunos de los cuales son oncogénicos;
human endogenous ______ endógeno humano.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

retrovirus

n retrovirus m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Early endogenization results in an infection in which the virus has yet to accumulate mutations rendering the endogenous retrovirus defective; therefore, at this stage, the virus might be passed horizontally to other animals (46).
Hurst, "Pluripotency and the endogenous retrovirus HERVH: conflict or serendipity?," BioEssays, vol.
Hirankarn, "DNA methylation of human endogenous retrovirus in systemic lupus erythematosus," Journal of Human Genetics, vol.
Aside from endogenous retrovirus, specific pathogen-free (SPF) donor pig facilities have been produced and populated with caesarean-derived piglets.
Kaski, "Methods for estimating human endogenous retrovirus activities from EST databases," BMCBioinformatics, vol.
chlorotica cells contain an endogenous retrovirus that is expressed near the end of the slug life cycle (Pierce et al., 1999).
Fishman, "Identification of a full-length cDNA for an endogenous retrovirus of miniature swine," Journal of Virology, vol.
"Differential Evolutionary Fate of an Ancestral Primate Endogenous Retrovirus Envelope Gene, the EnvV Syncytin, Captured for a Function in Placentation." PLoS genetics 9.3 (2013): e1003400.
Genome areas with high gene density and CpG island neighborhood strongly attract porcine endogenous retrovirus for integration and favor the formation of hot spots.
Comparative methylation of ERVWE1/syncytin-1 and other human endogenous retrovirus LTRs in placenta tissues.
Until now, no porcine endogenous retrovirus transmission was observed in experimental and clinical xenotransplantations as well as in numerous infection experiments4.
In samples from the ALS and chronic disease patients, the search turned up mRNA transcripts that came from human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K).