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Related to Endomycorrhizae: Ectomycorrhizal


or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.


(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or


n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj


(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ectomycorrhizae are a type of mycorrhizae that procedure a dense sheath around the physical structure of plant roots, from which the hyphae grow; in endomycorrhizae, mycelium is entrenched within the root tissue, not forming a sheath around the root system.
In fact, typical endomycorrhizae was formed in Helianthemum ledifolium, Helianthemum lippii and Fumana procumbens whereas an ectomycorrhiza was synthesized in Cistus species (C.
Moreover, it should also be noted that the number of arbuscules present in the arid climate is sometimes more important than in sub-humid climate, this demonstrates the importance of endomycorrhizae role, especially arbuscules that represent sites of functional exchanges between the endomycorrhizal fungus and roots of the host plant [17].
Although endomycorrhizal association is beneficial for tropical plant species, considerable work has not been done on the different aspects such as physiology, ecology and taxonomy of endomycorrhizae as well as AM association.