endorphin

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en·dor·phin

 (ĕn-dôr′fĭn)
n.
Any of a group of peptide hormones that bind to opioid receptors and act as neurotransmitters. Endorphins reduce the sensation of pain and affect emotions.

[endo(genous) + (mo)rphin(e).]

endorphin

(ɛnˈdɔːfɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) any of a class of polypeptides, including enkephalin, occurring naturally in the brain, that bind to pain receptors and so block pain sensation
[C20: from endo- + morphine]

en•dor•phin

(ɛnˈdɔr fɪn)

n.
any of a group of peptides, resembling opiates, that are released in the body in response to stress or trauma and that react with the brain's opiate receptors to reduce the sensation of pain.
[1970–75; end(ogenous) (m)orphine]

en·dor·phin

(ĕn-dôr′fĭn)
Any of a group of substances found in the nervous system, especially in the brain, that regulate the body's response to pain and other stimuli.
Did You Know? In the 1970s, scientists began to wonder why drugs like morphine could kill pain so effectively. Researchers knew that morphine attached to specific body molecules called receptors, so they reasoned that these receptors probably existed because the body itself had natural painkilling compounds that also bonded to those receptors. They searched and finally found proteins called endorphins, a word that combines endogenous, meaning "naturally occurring within the body," and morphine. When your body is under stress, it can produce endorphins so that you can still function under what would otherwise be exceptionally painful conditions. Many long-distance runners, for example, claim that after they run for a while they start to feel exceptionally happy, a condition sometimes called a runner's high. High levels of endorphins in response to the strain of running seem to be responsible for this state of mind.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.endorphin - a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties
peptide - amide combining the amino group of one amino acid with the carboxyl group of another; usually obtained by partial hydrolysis of protein
neurochemical - any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
beta endorphin - an endorphin produced by the pituitary gland that suppresses pain
enkephalin - an endorphin having opiate qualities that occurs in the brain and spinal cord and elsewhere
Translations

endorphin

[ˌenˈdɔːfɪn] Nendorfina f

endorphin

nEndorphin nt

endorphin

n endorfina
References in periodicals archive ?
Curated participants include Amano Artisan Chocolate, Marti Chocolatt, Guittard Chocolate Company, William Dean Chocolates, flying noir, Scharffen Berger Chocolate Maker, Rachel Dunn Chocolates, Taza Chocolate, Fera'wyn's Artisan Chocolates, Nuttyness, Neo Cocoa, Jade Chocolates, Socola Chocolatier, Toffee Talk, Cacoco, Endorfin Chocolat, Claudia Marie Design, Choctal, David Bacco Chocolatier, pieces of chocolate, Scala's Bistro, Wooden Table Baking, and more.
Primer olarak sinirler uzerine direkt etki ile agri esigini yukseltirler, spinal kord seviyesinde agri modulasyonuna neden olurlar veya endorfin seviyesini yukseltirler.
Melatoninin GABAerjik iletinin kolaylastirilmasi ile santral agirlikli mekanizmalarla belirgin agri kesici etki gosterdigi, pineal bezin fazla miktarda opioid analjezik, opioid reseptoru ve opioid sinir sonlanmasi icerdigi, endorfin ve morfin gibi guclu opioidlerin melatonin salgisini artirdigi, pineal bezi cikarilan deney hayvanlarinda melatoninin agri kesici etkisinin ortadan kalktigi ifade edilmistir.
CRH yuksekliginin bu kisilerde oncelikle endorfin artisina ikincil olarak GnRH frekansini ve ostradiol duzeylerini azaltarak agirlik kaybiyla beraber amenoreye sebep oldugu dusunulmektedir (7).