endosome


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endosome

(ˈɛndəʊˌsəʊm)
n
(Biology) a sac within a biological cell
Translations
endosoma
endosome
References in periodicals archive ?
When B cells reactive to NA-related antigens such as Sm/RNP interact with the antigen through the BCR, the antigens are internalized and then interact with PRRs reactive to NAs (NA sensors) in the endosome.
During endocytosis of the virion, acidification of the endosome triggers dissociation of the E protein dimers, exposing a hydrophobic peptide (fusion loop) and rearrangement of the E monomers into trimers.
toll-like receptors (TLRs) located on cell surface or in the endosome, NLRs(NOD-like receptors) are cytoplasmic sensors and RLRs(RIG I-like receptors) recognize Viruses (Akira et al.
The second step is that the virus is able to get inside the body and merge itself with the cell membrane, assimilating with the endosome which is acidified by proton pumps.
Recent advances of fundamental processes involved in neuronal death, particularly in the substantia nigra pars compacta, converge on abnormal endocytosis and endosome trafficking [4].
Endosomic APP protein as well as its processed fragments can return to plasma membrane, can be proteolytically degraded in the lysosome, or can be transported from early endosome to TGN.
27-29) WNV gains entry into cells via receptor-mediated endocytosis with a subsequent pH-dependent conformational change of the envelope protein within the acidified endosome that allows fusion of the viral and endosomal membranes and release of the nucleocapsid into the cytoplasm.
that is picked up by receptor-mediated endocytosis in cells: They are enveloped in a lipid-bound container (vesicle, phagosome, then transforming into an endosome or lysosome during transport) and carried actively by transporter molecules along train-tracks (microtubules) that direct them toward the cell nucleus.
The endosomal membrane contains proton ATPases that result in acidification of the endosome interior and dissociation of the ligand from the receptor within the CURL.
Exosomes can be formed by endocytosis of the early endosome membrane, having a unique orientation of the involuted cytoplasmic side (16,17) (Figure 1).
Jung added that the increase in cholesterol is only within the endosome compartment of cells and has no impact on or effect from the level of cholesterol in the bloodstream.
A shift in the entry pathway to enable virus entry at the cell surface instead of the endosome may simultaneously explain the ability of FIPV to infect macrophages and the macrophage resistance of FECV.