Phylogenetic analysis shows that avian coxiellosis agents and Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q fever, represent 2 independent events of development of vertebrate pathogenicity in this group of tick endosymbionts
Doxycycline as a novel strategy against bancroftian filariasis-depletion of Wolbachia endosymbionts
from Wuchereria bancrofti and stop of microfilaria production.
Some strains of Endozoicomonas may contribute to the degradation of dimethylsulfonioproprionate produced by dinoflagellate endosymbionts
or reef-building corals directly (Raina et al.
Molecular method for discrimination between Francisella tularensis and Francisella-like endosymbionts
The expansion of gene families related to immune recognition, endocytosis and caspase-mediated apoptosis indicates the mussel's adaptation to the presence of chemoautotrophic endosymbionts
in its gills.
Like many arthropods, whitefly possess different primary and secondary endosymbionts
depending on ecological zone and biotype.
In line with these observations, I recently isolated and cultivated a free-living amoeba species naturally harbouring TM6 bacteria as endosymbionts
, making it the first TM6 bacterium isolated with its natural host, and the second worldwide to be cultivated in laboratory conditions.
Genetic manipulation of endosymbionts
to control vectors and VBDs.
was conducted by using polymerase chain reaction with universal primers for 16SrDNA within Pakistani whitefly population collected from different cotton growing areas of the Punjab, further analysed by cloning of the PCR products, RFLP analysis.
Other species are endosymbionts
of marine animals and protozoa, and play an important part in the biology of coral reefs.
In the fusion of these two endosymbionts
both reductive and oxidative environments were exploited, giving the combination an evolutionary advantage.
Aphids contain bacteria (endosymbionts
) that convert sugar into amino acids that are essential for the aphids' survival (Dadd 1985), and in extreme temperatures, the endosymbionts
can be eliminated, impairing the production of amino acids (Ohtaka & Ishikawa 1991) and causing aphid mortality (Davis et al.