Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris
sspp.) are a salient example of a keystone species exerting top-down control on ecosystem community structure.
Impacts of sea otter (Enhydra lutris
) predation on commercially important sea cucumbers (Parastichopus californicus) in southeast Alaska.
The sea otter Enhydra lutris
in California, and the marine otter or 'chungungo' Lontra felina (Kreuder et al, 2003; Medina-Vogel et al, 2007) in Chile are among the most vulnerable species to human activites.
gondii has been reported in various wild animals belonging to the family Mustelidae, such as mink (Mustela vison), river otters (Lontra canadensis), southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris
nereis), black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes), stone marten (Martes foina), pine marten (Martes martes), ferret (Mustela putorius furo), Eurasian otter otters (Lutra lutra), and polecat (Mustela putorius), using microscopy, in vitro cultivation, and serological methods (6, 13-16).
Enteric bacterial pathogen detection in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris
nereis) is associated with coastal urbanization and freshwater runoff.
Sea otters (Enhydra lutris
) and river otters are common to the Gulf of Alaska's coastal areas and paleontological deposits of their bones have been identified as far back as the early Holocene.
Sexual dimorphism in craniomandibular morphology of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris
There are three recognized subspecies of sea otters: the Russian or Asian sea otter (Enhydra lutris
lutris); the Alaskan or northern sea otter (E.
Light and scanning electron microscopic study on the lingual papillae in the newborn sea otter Enhydra lutris
. Okajimas Folia Anat.
Locally acquired disseminated histoplasmosis in a northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris
Vandenberg's 30th Civil Engineer Squadron's (CES) Installation Management team is responsible for maintaining and protecting habitat for a number of the federally protected species, including California least tern (Sternula antillarum browni), southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris
nereis), El Segundo blue butterfly (Euphilotes battoides allyni), California red-legged frog (Rana draytonii), southern steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and beach layia (Layia carnosa).
(19) Deslorelin acetate implants are frequently used as a contraceptive in female animals, and control of male reproduction and associated behaviors with deslorelin has been reported in several species, including domestic dogs, (20,21) domestic cats, (22) domestic boar, (23) cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), an African wild dog (Lycaon pictus), (25) sea otters (Enhydra lutris
), (25) red wolves (Canis lupus rufus), (25) grey wolves (Cams lupus), (25) a black-footed cat (Fells nigripes), (25) black flying foxes (Pteropus alecto), (26) ferrets (Musteki putorius furo), (27) lion-tailed macaques (Macaco silenus), (28) a bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps),29 and common brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula), (30) with variable results and duration of efficacy that appear to be species specific.