Epeira


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E`pei´ra


n.1.(Zool.) A genus of spiders, including the common garden spider (E. diadema). They spin geometrical webs. See Garden spider.
References in classic literature ?
Rio de Janeiro -- Excursion north of Cape Frio -- Great Evaporation -- Slavery -- Botofogo Bay -- Terrestrial Planariae -- Clouds on the Corcovado -- Heavy Rain -- Musical Frogs -- Phosphorescent Insects -- Elater, springing powers of -- Blue Haze -- Noise made by a Butterfly -- Entomology -- Ants -- Wasp killing a Spider -- Parasitical Spider -- Artifices of an Epeira -- Gregarious Spider -- Spider with an unsymmetrical Web.
The genus, or rather family, of Epeira, is here characterized by many singular forms; some species have pointed coriaceous shells, others enlarged and spiny tibiae.
The webs were placed vertically, as is invariably the case with the genus Epeira: they were separated from each other by a space of about two feet, but were all attached to certain common lines, which were of great length, and extended to all parts of the community.
Kleine Beitrage zur Biologie der Kreuzespinne Epeira diademata Cl.
Presencio la lucha tenaz de la avispa del genero Pepsis con la arana del genero Lycosa; contemplo la marcha de las hormigas legionarias que formaban una hilera de unos 90 metros de largo, que arrollaba con cuanto insecto, arana o lagarto se cruzara por su sendero; observo las tecnicas de la arana Epeira para atrapar sus presas.
Thus "Epeira cornuta Clerck 1757" and "Araneus cornutus (Clerck 1757)" would both indicate "transferred to Larinioides," the current araneid genus.
Epeira unicolor Doleschall 1857:419; Doleschall 1859:plate 2, fig.
Epeira cornuta (Clerck L&F; DR67 transf to Larinioides