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n.1.(Zool.) A genus of spiders, including the common garden spider (E. diadema). They spin geometrical webs. See Garden spider.
References in classic literature ?
Rio de Janeiro -- Excursion north of Cape Frio -- Great Evaporation -- Slavery -- Botofogo Bay -- Terrestrial Planariae -- Clouds on the Corcovado -- Heavy Rain -- Musical Frogs -- Phosphorescent Insects -- Elater, springing powers of -- Blue Haze -- Noise made by a Butterfly -- Entomology -- Ants -- Wasp killing a Spider -- Parasitical Spider -- Artifices of an Epeira -- Gregarious Spider -- Spider with an unsymmetrical Web.
Every path in the forest is barricaded with the strong yellow web of a species, belonging to the same division with the Epeira clavipes of Fabricius, which was formerly said by Sloane to make, in the West Indies, webs so strong as to catch birds.
Azara [10] has described a gregarious spider in Paraguay, which Walckanaer thinks must be a Theridion, but probably it is an Epeira, and perhaps even the same species with mine.
La epeira, aunque arana, no es un animal ni bajo ni ruin; es una criatura episcopal: lleva sobre la espalda una bonita cruz blanca invertida.
Kleine Beitrage zur Biologie der Kreuzespinne Epeira diademata Cl.
Presencio la lucha tenaz de la avispa del genero Pepsis con la arana del genero Lycosa; contemplo la marcha de las hormigas legionarias que formaban una hilera de unos 90 metros de largo, que arrollaba con cuanto insecto, arana o lagarto se cruzara por su sendero; observo las tecnicas de la arana Epeira para atrapar sus presas.
triguttatus occurs in the USA because the illustrated specimens of Epeira mayo (= A.
Epeira unicolor Doleschall 1857:419; Doleschall 1859:plate 2, fig.
Epeira cornuta (Clerck L&F; DR67 transf to Larinioides
An additional species, Epeira caudacuta (Taczanowski 1873), was transferred to the genus (Levi 1991).
Epeira phrygiata Walckenaer 1842, is therefore considered a nomen dubium.