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n. pl. e·pen·the·ses (-sēz′)
The insertion of a sound in the middle of a word, as in Middle English thunder from Old English thunor.

[Late Latin, from Greek, from epentithenai, to insert : ep-, epi-, epi- + en-, in; see en-2 + tithenai, to place; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

ep′en·thet′ic (ĕp′ĭn-thĕt′ĭk) adj.


n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
(Phonetics & Phonology) the insertion of a sound or letter into a word
[C17: via Late Latin from Greek, from epentithenai to insert, from epi- + en-2 + tithenai to place]
epenthetic adj


(əˈpɛn θə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
the insertion of one or more sounds in the middle of a word.
[1650–60; < Late Latin < Greek epénthesis=ep- ep- + en- en-2 + thésis placing; see thesis]
ep•en•thet•ic (ˌɛp ənˈθɛt ɪk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.epenthesis - the insertion of a vowel or consonant into a word to make its pronunciation easier; "the insertion of a vowel in the plural of the word `bush' is epenthesis"
articulation - the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech
References in periodicals archive ?
An epenthetic vowel is sometimes inserted by some speakers, to clarify otherwise adjacent consonants, as in "film" with an inserted schwa, [fil.
In words where a diphthong is followed by a palatalized consonant, an epenthetic vowel is inserted before the consonant after the diphthong (Eek 2008:132).
Ablaut can be combined with vowel deletion (Tsez moci 'place'), an oblique marker (Bezhta maXo 'sleep') or an epenthetic vowel (Hinuq buq 'sun', GEN1 beq-e-s).
A better-known variant, very lexically restricted, is characterised by enforced articulation of [k], sometimes followed by an epenthetic vowel.
Also, procedurally we know that an epenthetic vowel breaks up clusters of two consonants at the beginning of a word, as well as clusters of three consonants in medial position.
Without going into the details of Yu's analysis, the reasoning is as follows: the epenthetic vowel required to break up the CL clusters heads a syllable; the epenthetic vowel corresponds (by CORR-VV) to the following vowel, and by (39) (represented by CORR-[?
Clauson (1972: 975) records an Old Uyghur form yasunuq, which I would argue to derive from an older form *yasmuq with an epenthetic vowel /i/.
10) Scribes no doubt found the unwieldy sequence of consonants in isthmos difficult, and dealt with it in two opposite but, for our purposes, equivalent ways, either dropping one or more of the consonants, or adding an epenthetic vowel.
It was noticed in the process of analysis that an epenthetic vowel can occur between consonants in such cases as, e.
Since the epenthetic vowel was at first subphonemic, the rise of distinctive tone was essentially brought about by a syntactic development, as it was in Slavic.
It seems that in general the default vowel in such an environment is /i/, since this is the regular epenthetic vowel, (29) and therefore this is not necessarily the original vowel.
If *STOP[-vc] must be ranked lower than markedness constraints against other segment types in order for an /mt/ cluster to gain an epenthetic stop rather than an epenthetic vowel, then why is it a schwa that is epenthesized in the forms in (6)?