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(Bible) a member of the tribe of Ephraim


(ˈi fri əˌmaɪt, ˈi frə-)

1. a member of the tribe of Ephraim.
2. an inhabitant of the northern kingdom of Israel.
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References in classic literature ?
The Ephraimites, not being called upon to share in the rich spoils
So whenever they saw a man attempting to cross the river they asked him whether he was an Ephraimite, and if he denied it, they asked him to say the word shibboleth.
Jeroboam, an Ephraimite descendant of Joseph, tears the kingdom into two parts like a garment, assuming the leadership of ten of the twelve tribes while Judah rules over only one tribe in the south (1 Kings 11: 29-39).
Joseph anticipates the division of Israel in which the tribe of Joseph will once again be divided from that of Benjamin, Joseph assuming the leadership of the northern kingdom whose first ruler is Jeroboam the Ephraimite, while Benjamin joins Judah in the southern kingdom of Judea.
Christensen suggests that Huldah represents the interests of a group, referred to as the "men of Anathoth," who sought to preserve the Ephraimite tradition.
Hendel believes that the Gileadite sin was deceptively similar to the Ephraimite samekh.
Under this hypothesis therefore the Gileadites would have to have heard the substituted Ephraimite sin as samekh, which implies an unwarranted and unnecessary assumption about the similarity of Gileadite samekh and Ephraimite sin.
Faber appears to support her basic scenario with an assertion (1992: 2) that "if sbolt underwent anomalous developments, it must have been in Gileadite, since that is the only way that the Gileadite initial sound in sbolt would have been absent from the Ephraimite phonological repertory.
The other point in favor of Hendel's version of events is based on the position that if the Gileadites were sufficiently familiar with Ephraimite speech to devise a successful test, it is likely that the Ephraimites in their turn would have had sufficient contact with Gileadite speech not to be caught totally napping by any test that involved some gross and readily detectable difference of pronunciation.
The Gileadites had defeated the Ephraimites in battle and were" holding some narrow places on the Jordan River that the fleeing Ephraimites had to cross to get home.
The text provides an unusually detailed account of how the men of Gilead identify the fleeing Ephraimites based upon linguistic differences between the two groups.