Epibranchial


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Ep`i`bran´chi`al


a.1.(Anat.) Pertaining to the segment between the ceratobranchial and pharyngobranchial in a branchial arch.
References in periodicals archive ?
Settlement was also recorded on the different part of the body like (hypobranchial gill rake, epibranchial gill rake, and scaphognathite) and the inner wall of the branchial chambers.
The first ceratobranchial cartilages in ventral position, together with faringobanchial and epibranchial cartilages in dorsal position, support the gill rays, together with the pseudohyal.
Sakamoto (1984) utilized data on the branchial apparatus in his phylogenetic studies of Pleuronectidae, exploiting seven characters: 5th ceratobranchials, the shape of the 1st epibranchial, teeth on the 3rd epibranchial, gill rakers on the upper limb of the branchial arch, spines on gill rakers, shape of gill rakers and bony plates on the branchial arches.
The oyster was closely attached to the left side, covering 60 to 70% of the epibranchial surface and about 90% of the mesobranchial and metabranchial regions.
Additionally to the above the genus Papiliolebias is characterized by: urohyal, dorsal process branched (also in some species of Pituna); third epibranchial, uncinate process, forming an angle of 45-60[degrees] with distal process (also in rivulines but not in plesiolebi-asines); posttemporal, ventral process present; opercular region with regular reticulate pattern formed by iridescent colour on middle of scales contrasting with dark orangish brown pigment along entire scale margins (also in Pituna); and humeral region with iridescent blotch (also in Pituna) (Costa 2011).
Distinguishing features: Carapace strongly granulated, forming sharp angle between postfrontal crest and epibranchial region.
The hyoid apparatus of the Chinese goose is composed of a single entoglossal bone, paired rostral basibranchial bones, an urohyal bone, paired ceratobranchial bones, and paired epibranchial bones.
From shared lineage to distinct functions: the development of the inner ear and epibranchial placodes.
Teeth cusps in internal premaxillary series disposed in a straight line in ventral view; larger dentary teeth tricuspid; a dark brown vertically elongated humeral blotch; usually 6 gill-rakers on first epibranchial and 10-11 on hipobranchial arch (2)
In the postotic pharyngeal region in vertebrates, dorsal somites called epibranchial somites and ventral pharyngeal arches coexist and produce a specific interface between head and trunk (Kuratani, 1997).
1) They are derived from different embryologic cell anlages: the epibranchial placode of the second branchial arch and the neural crest of the facial primordium, respectively.