The SPI final values are obtained by performing an equiprobability
transformation of the cumulative probability estimated in the above-mentioned step (Wu et al.
This result is consistent with the assumption that the fairway location is close to the equiprobability
line (of the probability of current-induced drift of passive pollution parcels to the either coast of the Gulf of Finland) .
2007) the final step of this equiprobability
transformation is based on the following rational approach proposed by Abramowitz and Stegun (1965).
Extensive surveys carried out by the authors to justify their main arguments adopt the equiprobability
sampling method and come to the conclusion that Ma's policies towards the mainland revolve around shelving "high politics" issues and negotiate with Beijing on "low politics" issues, as also adopting a "diplomatic truce" and convince Beijing of Taiwan's need for "meaningful participation" in auxiliary agencies of the UN.
Given the equiprobability
of election to take part in the sample, according to Cochran (1977), only the probabilistic sample method could ensure the representativeness of the sample extracted, also being the most recommendable method, and thus the one chosen by us to provide a statistical reliability to the field work results.
Currently, the criterion to differentiate central and peripheral elements is usually a statistical significance difference of means or proportions or the comparison to a cut-off proportion of reading grid rejection, such as 75 or 80% or an equiprobability
norm (Milland, 2002; Moliner, 2001a).
In effect, the sampling exercise carried out by Parada flagrantly violates the equiprobability
criterion: Were the voters who sell their votes in certain regions of the Colombian Atlantic and Pacific coasts, as is well documented, considered by Parada (2011: 86) when designing his sampling technique?
Theoretically it should be random to ascertain equiprobability
, but in practice most instruments will follow a systematic arrangement of points or at least use a resampling procedure to yield such a systematic arrangement.
Sure, I could have been more specific about the equiprobability
characteristic of the sample space, but, reflecting on Dexter's responses, there seemed to be more going on (that I was missing), which was preventing us from moving forward.
It is well-known treatment that the literature has been devoted to the tautology that encloses the equiprobability
assumption of the possible outcomes and especially its attempt at justification from the (subjective) principle of insufficient reason which, given its tendency to generate paradoxes that prevent the determination of unique probability values, is not obviously valid as an argument against circularity.
For an observer which do not have any idea concerning quantum mechanics and the laws of optics, this equiprobability
is the most reasonable guess if he wants only to consider the photons he actually detected.
The first order solution is the equiprobability
line, the probability of propagation of pollution from which to either of the coasts is equal .