com) says "I am the Bitch from Hell/1 think you know me well/I am the dark goddess/ Kali, Hecate, Lilith, Morrigan, Ereshkigal
3) The plaque which both Patai and Neumann call Lilith shows a beautiful bird woman with talons and wings; Baring and Cashford call her Inanna-Ishtar, and Collon considers she may also be Ereshkigal
In view of the fact that pioneering researchers such as Samuel Noah Kramer (1961, 1981) and Zecharia Sitchin (1990, 1996, 2004, 2007i-vi, 2008, 2010), to name but two of the greatest, showed beyond doubt that many of the episodes in the Old Testament (for example the story of the creation of man and woman, and the story of the Flood) were renditions of much older records of humanity extant in written form in older languages of the cuneiform tradition such as Akkadian and Sumerian, some of which have been recovered almost completely (see Enuma Elish, The Epic of Gilgamesh, Atrahasis, Adapa, Etana, Anzu, Erra and Ishum, Nergal and Ereshkigal
, The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld, Theogony of Dunnu, etc.
welcomed me below except my barren sister, Ereshkigal
, whose seedless
1) What follows is a narrative of descent, bodily fragmentation, rescue, substitution, self-transformation (common to so many myths), and slow reascent: Inanna is stripped of her clothes and jewels as she passes through the seven gates of the underworld; struck by her envious sister Ereshkigal
, ruler of the underworld, she is "turned into a corpse, /a piece of rotting meat, /and hung from a hook on the wall," until rescued and reanimated from the Great Below by her faithful servant, Ninshubur.
This large plaque, probably from a shrine, may depict Ereshkigal
, who ruled over the underworld.
minute, why did you refer to Ereshkigal
as "the dark sister"?
She went to the realm of the dead to seize its throne from her sister Ereshkigal
, but she had to shed her jewels and clothes, one item at a time, at each of the underworld's seven gates until she stood fully disrobed before its queen.
Various theories as to her identity have been put forward, the most likely is that she represents Ereshkigal
, Ishtar's sister who ruled over the underworld.