Siendo el Golfo de Venezuela un area importante de alimentacion para poblaciones foraneas de las especies Chelonia mydas, Eretmochelys
imbricata, Caretta caretta, Dermochelys coriacea y con menor frecuencia Lepidochelys olivacea [12, 17] se planteo como objetivo de este estudio, determinar los valores hematologicos de la tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas) en la alta Guajira.
Six out of the seven extant species of sea turtles--the leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), the loggerhead (Caretta caretta), the hawksbill (Eretmochelys
imbricata), the olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), and the Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii)--are currently classified as endangered or critically endangered by the World Conservation Union (IUCN, formerly the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources), which makes the assessment and reduction of incidental capture and mortality of these species in fisheries priority conservation issues (IUCN/Species Survival Commission, 1995).
The Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii), leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), and hawksbill (Eretmochelys
imbricata) turtles are listed as endangered.
Various genera are involved, although the largest catches are of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys
imbricata), the latter being caught only for its shell, as its flesh is sometimes poisonous.
The Secretaries of Commerce and of Interior jointly certified Japan in 1991 for trade in hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys
imbricata), and China and Taiwan in 1993 for trade in rhinoceros horn and tiger (Panthera tigris) bone.
Meyer (1991) studied the disarticulation patterns of two hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys
imbricata) buried in a subtidal lagoon, and noted that disarticulation can occur in from a few days to a few weeks.
The final list consisted of the dogtooth tuna (Gymnosarda unicolor), a commercially important species that, like other species of tuna, has been seriously fished out in many areas; the giant manta ray (Mobula birostris), the graceful creature now vulnerable to extinction; the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys
imbricata), protected worldwide, but still critically endangered because of egg and shell collection; the Napoleon wrasse (Cheilinus undulates), known locally as mameng, now in danger of extinction; and the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier), one of Tubbataha's flagship species, now mostly seen only in the park.
The populations of the leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys
imbricata), and the loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) are considered Critically Endangered, while the populations of the green turtle and the olive ridley turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) are considered Endangered and Vulnerable, respectively.
mydas agassizii), en la tortuga boba, Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758), y en la tortuga carey, Eretmochelys
imbricata imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766) (Dyer et al.