ergativity

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er·ga·tive

 (ûr′gə-tĭv)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb are expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
2. Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
n.
1. The ergative case.
2. An ergative inflection.
3. A nominal having an ergative form.

[From Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.]

er′ga·tiv′i·ty n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ergativity

(ˌɜːɡəˈtɪvɪtɪ)
n
(Grammar) grammar the state of being ergative
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
Translations
Ergativität
ergativité
ergativiteit
References in periodicals archive ?
In Ergative-Absolutive languages (Basque and Georgian), the terms Ergative case, Absolutive case and Dative case were used in respect of clause elements in surface paradigms where Subjects of intransitive verbs and Objects of transitives were case-marked and cross-referenced in the agreement elements of the verb identically, and differently from the Subjects of transitive verbs.