Ernst Mach

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Noun1.Ernst Mach - Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)Ernst Mach - Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ernst Mach (1838-1910), who contributed to the fields of physics, psychology, and physiology, among others, believed that the conceptual organization of sensory data was the key to the accumulation of knowledge.
The halo is a striking example of a phenomenon first described by the Austrian physicist Ernst Mach in 1865.
He discusses early research, beginning with Austrian physicist-philosopher Ernst Mach, who explained the concept of sonic booms.
The paper discusses the relationship between the essays of the Austrian philosopher of science, Ernst Mach, and the novels of his compatriot Robert Musil.
In Bondy's note of farewell, he reminisces about accepting the assignment: "The great allure lay in letting stories be told in a city with such a powerful intellectual past--a city that perhaps, at a certain moment, was the epicenter of the key trends of modern thought--to invite forms of theatre to this very place or launch them from here." But the city, he notes, which was the home of "Freud, Ernst Mach, Musil, von Doderer, Otto Wagner, Loos, Wittgenstein, Schiele, Klimt," was also "the breeding ground of horror."
On the contrary, the detailed historical exploration contained in this piece, one that takes us from the scientific vocations of Max Planck and Ernst Mach, to Pierre Duhem and Albert Einstein, through the inventions of Lagrange, Carnot and Hamilton, among others, is one that is guided by a philosophical experiment that is as much epistemological as it is ontological, as much ethical as it is political.
After introducing their criteria for what constitutes a 'realist' approach to history as "non-idealized science," the coauthors of Ernst Mach's Influence Spreads (Sentinel Open Press: 2009) present chapters profiling the lives and thinking of six influential realists.
Ernst Mach's Prague 1867-1895 as a human adventure.
Fortunately, the idea that something is real only if you can see it died (for the most part) in 1916 with the last of the 19th century's deniers of the reality of atoms, Ernst Mach. Mach, the Austrian physicist-philosopher whose writings had a profound influence on Einstein, contended uncompromisingly that the notion of atoms was only a useful idea, not an insight into something real about nature.
For example, Ernst Mach (1838-1916) was a positivist in the sense that he emphasized that scientists should be strictly empirical: They should emphasize what they directly experienced as they worked--in Mach's words, their "sensations." According to Mach, scientific statements should be regarded as economical, abstract summaries or expressions of the facts of a scientist's interactions with a subject matter, rather than as metaphysical statements about a supposed underlying reality.