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(Plants) any plant of the bulbous genus Erythronium, with decoratively mottled leaves and cyclamen-like yellow, rose, purple, or white flowers: family Liliaceae. See also dogtooth violet
[New Latin, from Greek erythros red]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.erythronium - perennial bulbous herbs most of northern United States: dogtooth violetErythronium - perennial bulbous herbs most of northern United States: dogtooth violet; adder's tongue; trout lily; fawn lily
liliid monocot genus - genus of monocotyledonous plants comprising mostly herbs having usually petaloid sepals and petals and compound pistils
family Liliaceae, Liliaceae, lily family - includes species sometimes divided among the following families: Alliaceae; Aloeaceae; Alstroemeriaceae; Aphyllanthaceae; Asparagaceae; Asphodelaceae; Colchicaceae; Convallariaceae; Hemerocallidaceae; Hostaceae; Hyacinthaceae; Melanthiaceae; Ruscaceae; Smilacaceae; Tecophilaeacea; Xanthorrhoeaceae
dog's-tooth violet, dogtooth, dogtooth violet - perennial woodland spring-flowering plant; widely cultivated
avalanche lily, Erythronium montanum - perennial herb having large white flowers marked with orange; found near the snow line in the northwestern United States
References in periodicals archive ?
Erythronium americanum Ker Gawler: Yellow Trout Lily or Fawn Lily; common; mesic woods; BSUH 10961.
This species does not often reproduce vegetatively, although other species of Erythronium do (Thomson et al.
Erythronium americanum, Dicentra canadensis) are negatively correlated with the abundances of woody and herbaceous exotics.
Pollen-pollen and pollen-style interactions during pollen-tube growth in Erythronium grandiflorum (Liliaceae).
My shopping list includes allium triquetrum, anemone nemorosa, anemone blanda, cyclamen coum and cyclamen neapolitanum, erythronium dens-canis, hyacinthoides non-scripta, oxalis adenophylla and eranthus hyemalis.
douglassii, Caulophyllum thalictroides, Claytonia virginica, Dicentra cucullaria, Erigenia bulbosa, Erythronium americanum, Floerkea proserpinacoides, Geranium maculatum, Phlox divaricata, Polemonium reptans, Sanguinaria canadensis, Trillium flexipes, T.
Pollen-pollen and pollen-style interaction during pollen tube growth in Erythronium grandiflorum (Liliaceae).
Genetic diversity in a clonal narrow endemic, Erythronium propullans, and its widespread progenitor, Erythronium albidum.
6% for Erythronium grandiflorum [Liliaceae; Harder and Thomson 1989]).
The chosen species were Claytonia lanceolata ("spring beauty," Portulacaceae), Erythronium grandiflorum ("avalanche lily," Liliaceae), Mertensia brevistyla ("bluebell," Boraginaceae), Delphinium nuttallianum ("Nelson's larkspur," Helleboraceae), Lathyrus leucanthus ("peavine," Fabaceae), Potentilla pulcherrima ("cinquefoil," Rosaceae), Eriogonum subalpinum ("buckwheat," Polygonaceae), Ipomopsis aggregata ("scarlet gilia," Polemoniaceae), Campanula rotundifolia ("harebell," Campanulaceae), and Seriphidium vaseyanum ("mountain sagebrush," Asteraceae).
Thomson (1989) showed that pollen grains of Erythronium do not germinate at the same time, and the resulting delays in germination often lead to the suppression of gametophytic competition.
For example, in an elegant experiment on ovule abortion patterns in Erythronium grandiflorum, Rigney (1995) removed sections of the ovary wall and observed the growth of individual ovules after pollination with mixtures of marked pollen.