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Related to Erythrophore: Cyanophore, Xanthophores


1. Any of several types of pigment cells, especially one found in a fish, amphibian, or reptile.
2. A multicellular organ in cephalopods that contains pigment cells.
3. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria.


1. (Zoology) a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2. (Botany) another name for chromoplast
ˌchromatoˈphoric, chromatophorous adj


(krəˈmæt əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr)

1. a cell containing pigment, esp. one that produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.
chro•mat`o•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) chro•ma•toph•or•ous (ˌkroʊ məˈtɒf ər əs) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The chromatophores of teleosts are generally classified into seven categories on the basis of their color: melanophore (black), erythrophore (red), xanthophore (yellow), cyanophore (blue), leucophore (white), iridophore (iridescent color), and erythro-iridophore (reddish violet) (1-4).
In terms of diagnostic color patterns, they have xanthophores associated with the trunk melanophores and a single erythrophore at the base of the caudal fin (Fig.
Erythrophore patterns were proposed as another characteristic by Ueyanagi (1966) and Matsumoto et al.
Possible role of non-classical chromatophorotropins on the regulation of the crustacean erythrophore.
Luby and Porter (1980) showed that erythrophore pigments in the squirrelfish, Holocentris ascensionis, aggregate in an ATP-independent manner, whereas dispersion is ATP-dependent.
When Siamese fighting fish encounter certain stressful or threatening environmental conditions, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, the erythrophores change appearance.
Ionic requirements for PCH-induced pigment aggregation in the freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium potiuna, erythrophores.
Pigment granules remain dispersed in cultured Xi-phophorus maculatus erythrophores perfused with 10 [mu]M A23187 and EGTA-buffered, [10.