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Related to Esophageal sphincter: esophageal peristalsis


n. pl. car·di·ae (-dē-ē′) or car·di·as
1. The opening of the esophagus into the stomach.
2. The upper portion of the stomach that adjoins this opening.

[Greek kardiā, heart, cardiac orifice of the stomach; see kerd- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


a lower oesophageal sphincter
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈkɑr di ə)

n., pl. -di•ae (-diˌi)
an opening that connects the esophagus and the upper part of the stomach.
[1775–85; < New Latin < Greek kardía, literally, heart]


a combining form occurring in words that denote an anomalous or undesirable action or position of the heart, as specified by the initial element: tachycardia.
[perhaps orig. representing Greek kardía heart, though coincidence with the abstract n. suffix -ia has influenced sense]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cardia - the opening into the stomach and that part of the stomach connected to the esophagus
orifice, porta, opening - an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity; "the orifice into the aorta from the lower left chamber of the heart"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n. cardia, desembocadura del esófago en el estómago.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Getting too little sun reduces melatonin levels in the body thatA affects lower esophageal sphincter and gastric secretions.
Fundoplication is a procedure in which the surgeon wraps the top of the stomach around the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to tighten the LES and prevent reflux.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is caused by a problem with the lower esophageal sphincter, resulting in the backwashing of stomach acid into the esophagus.
Gastroesophageal reflux is a disorder in which the lower esophageal sphincter is affected, and causes the backflow of contents from stomach to esophagus.
The mechanisms of GERD are varied and have been reported as lower esophageal sphincter function, abnormal esophageal motility, gastric hyperplasia, delayed gastric emptying and reduced resistance of esophageal mucosa.
The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) between the esophagus and stomach greatly limits reflux of stomach contents.
Integrity of cholinergic innervation to the lower esophageal sphincter in achalasia.
He covers esophageal anatomy and physiology, transnasal esophagoscopy, the video-fluoroscopic esophagram, high-resolution esophageal manometry, ambulatory pH and impedance monitoring, esophagitis, upper esophageal sphincter dysfunction, esophageal webs and rings and diverticula, esophageal motility disorders, esophageal stricture, hiatal hernia, Barrett's esophagus, and esophageal neoplasia.
Role of chloride ions in lower esophageal sphincter tone and relaxation.
SSc is characterized by diminished peristalsis in the distal esophagus with loss of tone of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) (8).
(1,8) Impaction of a FB most often occurs within the esophagus at one of three locations in decreasing order of propensity: (1) upper esophageal sphincter (~C6), (2) aortic arch impression (~T4/5), and (3) lower esophageal sphincter (~T10/11).
As the FB moves through the esophagus, it may pierce the lumen itself or become lodged at a point of anatomical narrowing such as the cricopharyngeus muscle, aortic arch, or lower esophageal sphincter, leading to pressure necrosis and subsequent perforation.