Vajrayana

(redirected from Esoteric Buddhism)

Vaj·ra·ya·na

 (väj′rə-yä′nə)
n.
One of the major schools of Buddhism, active especially in Tibet and Japan and emphasizing esoteric teachings and tantric practices as a means to enlightenment.

[Sanskrit Vajrayānam : vajraḥ, thunderbolt (considered in Hindu and Buddhist tradition to be made of an indestructible substance like diamond), diamond, Buddhist ritual implement representing the irresistible force of the thunderbolt and the indestructibility of diamondakin to Avestan vazrō, mace, Greek agnunai, to break, Hittite wāki, he bites) + yānam, vehicle; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

Vajrayana

(ˌvʌdʒrʌˈjɑːnə)
n
(Buddhism) a school of Tantric Buddhism of India and Tibet
[from Sanskrit: vehicle of the diamond or thunderbolt]
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References in periodicals archive ?
Mandalas in the Making: The Visual Culture of Esoteric Buddhism at Dunhuang
Altogether, the discussion of deities throughout this project serves primarily as a means to dissect the myths and rituals of Esoteric Buddhism and explore their relation to medieval Japanese religious systems.
3) The importance of Sri Lanka at this time for the international Buddhist community can be gauged from the fact that Amoghavajra, the patriarch of Chinese Esoteric Buddhism, returned to the island from China in 742 CE on the death of his master Vajrabodhi and collected 500 texts to be translated for the Chinese emperor.
That year saw the publication not only of Ronald Davidson's Indian Esoteric Buddhism: A Social History of the Tantric Movement, a work that set the field on much firmer foundations than it had been before, but also Robert Sharf's Coming to Terms with Chinese Buddhism and its polemical appendix, "On Esoteric Buddhism in China," which set off a small but intense (and fruitful) argument in the field about the status of this "tradition" in premodern China, carried out in articles and conference panels.
Many secular Japanese are more than a little suspicious of anyone who is overly interested in religion, and they think it is particularly curious to study esoteric Buddhism, a twelve-hundred-year-old tradition of secret, or hidden, tannic teachings requiring initiation.
Individual topics include the "kowtow" controversy, the "dark tide of time" in Coleridge's and William Hodges's India, Coleridge's sequel to Thalalba and Southey's prequel to Christabel, Coleridge and Empson in Japan, immanence and transcendence, Hinduism, Coleridge's and Shopenhauer's esoteric Buddhism compared, the integral significance of the 1816 preface to "Kubla Khan," psychological infinity and geometric structures, and the geopolitics of the Chinese garden.
Osaka Kokubunji still exhibits traces of the ways in which Shingon Mikky [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] esoteric Buddhism successively grafted new associations onto preexisting models for shining light and prolonging life, even to the point of extending one's life into a Pure Land after death.
The works of Joseph Needham on Silk Road transmissions of science, civilization and religion are the starting point for this theory of a common, ancient entheogenic legacy that survived into Medieval Japan in the form of Tantric esoteric Buddhism.
The next Khmer images of a deity dancing on a corpse and flourishing a vajra and ghanta in the air--as in the figure on the pink sandstone caitya Woodward identifies as Vajrapani in the Bangkok Museum--appear at Phimai a century later, where the most likely identification is again Vajrapani (contra Woodward's suggest that this is an early form of Bodhisattva Vajrasattva of the kind adopted in the 16 vajra beings of Shingon Esoteric Buddhism in Japan).
It is well known that the MVS has played a prominent role in the formation of the doctrinal and practical teachings of Shingon esoteric Buddhism.
The Difference Between Exoteric and Esoteric Buddhism (Benkenmitsu-nikyo ron) expounds on the crucial differences between the various doctrinal expressions presented by the different schools of Exoteric Buddhism in Kukai's day on the one hand, and his own transmitted teaching.