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 (ĕs′ēn′, ĭ-sēn′)
A member of an ascetic Jewish sect that existed in ancient Palestine from the second century bc to the second century ad.

[Latin Essēnī, the Essenes, from Greek Essēnoi, from Aramaic ḥasên, pl. of ḥasē, righteous, holy; see ḫśy in Semitic roots.]

Es·se′ni·an (ĕ-sē′nē-ən), Es·sen′ic (ĕ-sĕn′ĭk) adj.
Es·se′nism n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈɛsiːn; ɛˈsiːn)
(Judaism) Judaism a member of an ascetic sect that flourished in Palestine from the second century bc to the second century ad, living in strictly organized communities
Essenian, Essenic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɛs in, ɛˈsin)

a member of a monastic Jewish sect that flourished in Palestine from the 2nd century B.C. to the 2nd century A.D.
Es•se′ni•an, Es•sen•ic (ɛˈsɛn ɪk) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Essene - a member of an ascetic Jewish sect around the time of Jesus
Jew, Hebrew, Israelite - a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties
Adj.1.Essene - said of or relating to the Essenes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
Here is a new enterprise of Brook Farm, of Skeneateles, of Northampton: why so impatient to baptize them Essenes, or Port-Royalists, or Shakers, or by any known and effete name?
The scrolls have provoked unending controversy by revealing that many practices once thought to be unique to the early Christian church were prefigured by the beliefs and rituals of a Jewish Essene community near the Dead Sea.
The text--a catalogue and list of hiding places of treasures of the Essene community--is on three engraved and riveted sheets of fine oxidized copper discovered in Cave Three at Qumran in 1952.
Capper explores the sociological comparisons that may arise between the greater Essene movement and the Johannine community within Judaism.
Consider the parallels between Pharisaic, Essene, and Matthean approaches to rebuking someone who has given offense.
"Jesus the Wicked Priest: How Christianity Was Born of an Essene Schism" takes a hard look at the historical Jesus, referencing the dead sea scrolls that were found in 1947.
And the chapter, "Jesus is not a sadist," is fully refuted by the hunchbacked dwarf's transformation of Gehenna from the Essene death chamber in which non-Essenes were exterminated, into the Christian Hell in which the Religious Right's detractors, including moderate Christians, are tortured by flamethrowers for all eternity (Mark 9:47-49).
Harvey begins with a basic assumption: "As a work of literature, it [the book of Esther] has always been pleasing, its moral content, however, has often been suspect." He raises questions such as why so many readers have been troubled, both historically (as far back as the Essene community at Qumram) and especially more recently, by moral issues in the book of Esther?
Visitors will be able to view nine fragments of parchment scrolls which were written by the ultra- religious Essene sect, who were wiped out by the Romans in 68AD.
Kampen in the light of the Dead Sea texts and in pursuance of a larger programme to identify blocks of Matthean material as responses to Essene thought; H.-W.
The first contains "The Essene File: A Forest That Hides a Tree" (pp.
Enochic Literature was highly valued by the Essene community at Qumran.