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Related to Essential property: occasionalism


a. The intrinsic or indispensable quality or qualities that serve to characterize or identify something: The essence of democracy is the freedom to choose.
b. Philosophy The inherent, unchanging nature of a thing or class of things, especially as contrasted with its existence.
2. The most important part or aspect of something: The essence of her argument is that the policy is wrongheaded.
a. An extract that has the fundamental properties of a substance in concentrated form.
b. Such an extract in a solution of alcohol.
c. A perfume or scent.
4. One that has or shows an abundance of a quality as if highly concentrated: a neighbor who is the essence of hospitality.
5. Something that exists, especially a spiritual or incorporeal entity.
in essence
By nature; essentially: He is in essence a reclusive sort.
of the essence
Of the greatest importance; crucial: Time is of the essence.

[Middle English essencia and French essence, both from Latin essentia, from esse, to be, from the presumed present participle *essēns, *essent- (on the model of differentia, difference, from differēns, different-, present participle of differre, to differ), created to translate Greek ousiā (from ousa, feminine present participle of einai, to be) ; see es- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]


1. the characteristic or intrinsic feature of a thing, which determines its identity; fundamental nature
2. the most distinctive element of a thing: the essence of a problem.
3. a perfect or complete form of something, esp a person who typifies an abstract quality: he was the essence of gentility.
4. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the unchanging and unchangeable nature of something which is necessary to its being the thing it is; its necessary properties. Compare accident4
b. the properties in virtue of which something is called by its name
c. the nature of something as distinct from, and logically prior to, its existence
5. (Theology) theol an immaterial or spiritual entity
6. (Botany)
a. the constituent of a plant, usually an oil, alkaloid, or glycoside, that determines its chemical or pharmacological properties
b. an alcoholic solution of such a substance
7. (Chemistry) a substance, usually a liquid, containing the properties of a plant or foodstuff in concentrated form: vanilla essence.
8. a rare word for perfume
9. in essence essentially; fundamentally
10. of the essence indispensable; vitally important
[C14: from Medieval Latin essentia, from Latin: the being (of something), from esse to be]


(ˈɛs əns)

1. the basic, real, and invariable nature of a thing; substance.
2. a concentrated substance obtained from a plant, drug, or the like, by distillation, infusion, etc.
3. an alcoholic solution of an essential oil; spirit.
4. a perfume; scent.
5. (in philosophy) the true nature or constitution of anything, as opposed to what is accidental, phenomenal, illusory, etc.
6. something that exists, esp. a spiritual or immaterial entity.
1. in essence, essentially; basically.
2. of the essence, absolutely essential; crucial.
[1350–1400; Middle English essencia < Medieval Latin, for Latin essentia, irreg. derivative of esse to be]



in a nutshell Concisely, tersely, pithily; briefly, simply, in few words; containing much of substance in a small space, as nutmeat within a nutshell. Nutshell as representative of conciseness has been in use since the 17th century; the phrase in a nutshell since shortly thereafter.

A great complex argument, which … cannot by any ingenuity … be packed into a nutshell. (John Henry Newman, Grammar of Assent, 1870)

nature of the beast The essence of a person or thing; human nature; the qualities and characteristics common to human beings and other animals. This expression combines nature ‘essential qualities or properties’ and beast ‘any animal,’ implying that there is a certain crudeness common to all animals, both human and nonhuman. It is often used in the context of explaining or excusing the behavior of someone who acts or has acted in an inappropriate or boorish manner. Such usage is illustrated in a 1683 letter by Jules Verney:

I’m very sorry [that] John my coachman should be so great a clown to you … but ‘tis the nature of the beast. (Letters and Papers of the Verney Family, 1899)

In recent years, the usage of nature of the beast has been extended to describe the negative qualities often inherent in inanimate objects, bureaucratic systems, and other matters.

part and parcel An integral or essential component; a vital part of a larger entity. In this expression, common since the 14th century, part and parcel are synonymous, their juxtaposition serving to emphasize the importance of a given constituent to the whole.

The places referred to are, for all intents and purposes, part and parcel of the metropolis. (John McCulloch, A Descriptive and Statistical Account of the British Empire, 1846)

sixty-four-dollar question The crux of the matter; the basic or critically important question; the remaining unknown whose answer would provide the ultimate solution of a problem. This expression refers to the prize awarded for correctly answering the last and most difficult in a series of questions asked of a contestant on “Take It or Leave It,” a popular radio quiz show in the 1940s. With the advent of television, the stakes were raised considerably in “The $64,000 Question” (1955-58), giving rise to the updated variation, sixty-four-thousand-dollar question.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.essence - the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the story"
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
bare bones - (plural) the most basic facts or elements; "he told us only the bare bones of the story"
hypostasis - (metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality
haecceity, quiddity - the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
quintessence - the purest and most concentrated essence of something
stuff - a critically important or characteristic component; "suspense is the very stuff of narrative"
2.essence - any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted
substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
3.essence - the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
meaning, signification, import, significance - the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
4.essence - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odoressence - a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor
cologne water, eau de cologne, cologne - a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol
pachouli, patchouli, patchouly - a heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant
perfumery - perfumes in general
potpourri - a jar of mixed flower petals and spices used as perfume
rose water - perfume consisting of water scented with oil of roses
toilet articles, toiletry - artifacts used in making your toilet (washing and taking care of your body)
eau de toilette, toilet water - a perfumed liquid lighter than cologne


1. fundamental nature, nature, being, life, meaning, heart, spirit, principle, soul, core, substance, significance, entity, bottom line, essential part, kernel, crux, lifeblood, pith, quintessence, basic characteristic, quiddity Some claim that Ireland's very essence is expressed through its language.
2. concentrate, spirits, extract, elixir, tincture, distillate Add a few drops of vanilla essence.
of the essence vitally important, essential, vital, critical, crucial, key, indispensable, of the utmost importance Time is of the essence with this project.


1. A basic trait or set of traits that define and establish the character of something:
2. The most central and material part:
Law: gravamen.
kjarni, innsta eîlikraftur


[ˈesəns] N
1.esencia f
the essence of the matter islo esencial del asunto es ...
in essenceen lo esencial
time is of the essenceel tiempo es primordial
2. (= extract) → esencia f, extracto m


[ˈɛsəns] n
(= essential feature) → essence f
(= importance) to be of the essence → être essentiel(le)
Speed is of the essence → La rapidité est essentielle.
in essence adv (= basically) → en substance
(= concentrated liquid) → essence f vanilla essence


(Philos) → Wesen nt, → Essenz f; (= substratum)Substanz f
(= most important quality)Wesen nt, → Wesentliche(s) nt, → Kern m; in essence the theories are very similardie Theorien sind im Wesentlichen or in ihrem Kern or essenziell (geh)or essentiell (geh)sehr ähnlich; how would you describe the situation, in essence?wie würden Sie die Situation im Wesentlichen beschreiben?; speed/time is of the essenceGeschwindigkeit/Zeit ist von entscheidender Bedeutung; the essence of his thoughtder Kern or die Essenz seines Denkens; the note contained the essence of what he had saiddie Notiz enthielt den Kern dessen, was er gesagt hatte; he embodies the very essence of Japanese spiriter verkörpert den Inbegriff des japanischen Geistes; the novel captures the essence of life in the cityder Roman fängt das Leben in der Stadt perfekt ein; the essence of Liberalismdie Essenz des Liberalismus
(= extract: Chem, Cook) → Essenz f


[ˈɛsns] n (gen) (Culin) → essenza
in essence → in sostanza
speed is of the essence → la velocità è di estrema importanza


1. the most important part or quality. Tolerance is the essence of friendship.
2. a substance obtained from a plant, drug etc. vanilla essence.


n. esencia, cualidad indispensable.
References in periodicals archive ?
That allows farmers and agribusinesses that have experienced weather-related losses to apply for low-interest emergency loans to restore or replace essential property, cover production costs, pay essential living expenses, reorganize the family farming operation or refinance certain non-real estate debts, according to state officials.
Low-interest FSA emergency loans may be used to restore or replace essential property, cover production costs, pay essential family living expenses, reorganize the family farming operation or refinance certain non-real estate operating debts.
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Surecave has developed an app for property owners and managers that is designed to improve and build performance, tenant satisfaction, manager reliability and simplify essential property management.
The NJ Insurance Underwriting Association was created by the Legislature of New Jersey in 1968 to provide essential property insurance to any person unable to obtain insurance from a voluntary company.
This could have a devastating effect on those who require cash for essential property improvements or for growing their holdings.
2014) have confirmed the tendency for natural kinds to be named after an essential property and for artefacts after an associated event, and shown that the distinction has important psycholinguistic grounding.
There is no postmodern didacticism here, no dogmatic rejection of rationalism or efficiency, simply a recognition that function is less an essential property of a thing than a range of interactions between user and object, encompassing everything from sitting to daydreaming--that function can also contain a bit of fantasy.
Commenting on his appointment, Schneider said: "I feel very honoured to receive the opportunity to lead this essential property of the Rixos group.
The e-edition can be read on your PC, tablet and smartphone so you can catch up on the latest news, sport and popular supplements like our essential property guide, homemaker, at home or on the move.
"A combination of different pore sizes ensures that the material has high power densities, which is an essential property in a supercapacitor for the fast charging and discharging." Once fabricated, the carbon-based material was attached to an electrode and tested in a three-electrode system to see how well the material could adsorb electrolyte ions (charge) and then release electrolyte ions (discharge).

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