Such a collapse would also impact Venezuela's other neighbors, including the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago, separated from Venezuela by only a few miles of water, (41) as well as Guyana, (42) whose border with Venezuela in the Essequibo
region is less connected by roads, but currently disputed by the Venezuelan government.
(2009) cited a male from Essequibo
housed in BM(NH).
Before 1700, Dutch land grants to settlers in rivers and creeks west of the Essequibo
and on its islands contained provisos that the granting of land should not be to the detriment of the Amerindians and that settlers were not 'to injure the Indians dwelling there' (Menezes 1988, 354).
Shortly after ExxonMobil made its discovery, the impoverished Venezuelan government revived a 100-year-old claim to significant portions of territory west of the Essequibo
river in Western Guyana.
Antes de terminar el ano, el teniente coronel Del Solar tuvo que tomar el Essequibo
, acusado de complot contra el Gobierno (32); el general Benjamin Puente, el coronel Edgardo Arenas--prefecto de Lima bajo Pardo--(33) y el capitan Cavero fueron arrestados (34).
This species is the most well-known in the genus, and it is found in the Orinoco, Essequibo
, and Amazon river systems, reaching 13[degrees]S (Roze, 1964; Pritchard & Trebbau, 1984; Iverson, 1992).
For sixty-three years following that decision, official Venezuelan maps showed the Essequibo
region as belonging to Guyana, says the Venezuelan author Francisco Toro, writing in the 12 June 2015 edition of the Caracas Chronicles.
Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822) (Osteichthyes: Arapaimidae) is the world's largest scale fish, may reach 3 m length, presents wide geographical distribution in the Amazonian region and occurs in the floodplain of the rivers Araguaia-Tocantins, Solimoes-Amazonas and their effluents, Amazonas river in the Peruvian Andes, tributaries of the river systems Essequibo
and Rupununi the Guiana (Imbiriba, 2001).
Since 1811, Venezuela has asserted its sovereignty over the Essequibo
territory, first with the United Kingdom and later with Guyana (officially the Cooperative Republic of Guyana), after the former British Guyana gained independence in 1966.
In the west, it is bounded by the Pomeroon and Essequibo
rivers, in the east by the Courantyne river and the North Savannah in the south.