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Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating a state of being or an existence in a particular capacity or state in some languages, as in Finnish professorina, "as a professor."
1. The essive case.
2. A word or form in the essive case.

[Finnish essiivi, from New Latin essīvus : Latin esse, to be; see es- in Indo-European roots + Latin -īvus, -ive.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Grammar) grammar a grammatical case denoting a state of being
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Even more, as Casper de Groot, the initiator and editor of the volume under discussion, remarks, sporting a dedicated case form for this function, namely the essive case, is a characteristic of the Uralic languages in particular (Chapter 1, p.
(1) The essive case of Finnic and Saamic is considered a continuation of the Proto-Uralic locative case in *-nA.
(2) In Permic, there is no essive case, but the instrumental case, and partly also the inessive case, can express this function, e.g.
(5) Some languages have in addition a translative case, others have only the translative case, but no essive case, and the translative may cover the essive meanings; e.g.
Another issue concerns the absolutive and essive cases. It is my opinion that beneficiaries or recipients (i.e., animate indirect objects) can be promoted from the dative/directive to the absolutive, with the obligatory shift of the actual patient or direct object to the essive case.
However, in Estonian there also exists the essive case (16), which is to a certain extent also used in copula sentences (17).